DECEMBER t h E Instructor DECEMBER 1967 - > m ***** o Z O 0) E o > Z o u 3 o S3 CO '"""■ ' ■ ■ « K M ^ ■" H ^ r» n 14 V ►c • rs • S3 -1 < - -a < < < 5 ^ < < (ft a s Z 8. if n * — C4 a ST M a » ► e Kot » m *= * « • t4 • • • • • • • • • « „ • § cia KD *C • • • • • • • • • • a ag >-t* C « • 5 • s 1 1 •a • 5 el C a g S» 8 2S s* S ft O C4 J JS « K $4 M E S E «J ?i a R ?8 "5 < < Jim « ^t • • • • • • • • • -5 2- § • • « s 5? *> 10 § * • CO H * ^ « ^ « s K. e C4 • ^ a •»S a • — • * II p. H -— — • • Ii S "5 Is a • • ^5 » A ,_ 2 NO CO O e>j ■* NO OO O (N "0 m eo O ,_ cs ■<* m NO 00 k T NO ^ NO r-. r-» h» l-x r«. OO OO S 00 00 ON ON 2 ON ON ON ; s s u '^ 1 «* ■t ■<* ■** «* "* ■^ "* ■* a TT "«» "* ■** •^ , ">* -<t "«t in " «* s g = -* CO "9 K z s (A 2 i z Mi (A 06 3 o U _i o o X u <A E >■ c z i ... P !jj (a o-° 2 z O |l X u 1* 1- a <Q K ■ B C ft. >> •0 b e h "■a Zftt < k. u, S S3 |^ 2 b Z-Q < in 111 B O O S L. O <" So z| < ii E I* 11 O* 3 DC Ul 2 S a 1 ft. z a £§ III 1-4 < § Ill -Q < 3| u. 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McKay At this Christmastide I wish to refer to an incident in the life of the Savior, when people who listened to a spiritual address that He had given walked away from Him because they did not under- stand the meaning of that address. A brief reference to the incident reads: From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. (John 6:66.) As He saw those disciples walking away and noticed that the Twelve men who had been with Him remained, He said, "Will ye also go away?" Simon Peter, true to his nature, answered: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life. And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God. (John 6:67-69.) That Spiritual Significance That sermon on the bread of life followed the miracle of the feeding of the five thousand with a few loaves of bread and a few fishes. Great teacher that Christ was, He used that miracle to teach the people the spiritual significance of the gospel. When they could not understand that significance, but had eaten of the loaves and were filled, they walked (For all Christmas lessons; to support family home evening lessons 14 and 17; and of general interest.) away. Then Jesus turned to the Twelve and asked them the question to which I have referred. Later Jesus took the Twelve up to a mountain nearby and taught them more about the spiritual signifi- cance of the gospel, at the conclusion of which He said, "Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?" (a grammatical error that has come down through hundreds of years). The Twelve answered "Some say that thou art John the Baptist [who had been beheaded by Herod] : some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets" — having in mind the return of the spirit. Then Jesus said, "But whom say ye that I am?" Impetuous Peter was voice again, and this time after several days communion with Him, Peter answered unhesitatingly, "Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God." This time he received the word, "Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona [Christ did not call him Peter at this time] : for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven." (Matthew 16:13-17.) The World Needs A Testimony Today, perhaps as never before, the world needs that testimony of the divinity of the Lord Jesus Christ. We should strive so earnestly to represent Him (Continued on following page.) DECEMBER 1967 461 AT CHRISTMASTIDE (Continued from preceding page.) or to follow Him that our spirits may be eternally young. If thoughts affect the physical being, might it not be true that eternal truths will contribute to the eternal nature of the spirit within? On the night of His betrayal the Savior said: And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent, (John 17:3.) And how may we know of the doctrine? // any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself. (John 7:17.) Wisdom comes through effort. All good things require effort. That which is worth having will cost part of your physical being, your intellectual power, and your soul power — Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. (Mat- thew 7:7.) But you have to seek, you have to knock. We cannot be true to ourselves, to our loved ones, and to our associates, without feeling a de- termination to know more about this great truth. The spirit within bears testimony that truth exists in this old world. Through the earnest and sincere prayer of a humble heart, through righteousness and well-doing, Jesus Christ may be found. What Would You Give for A Testimony? In Micah, the fifth chapter, Bethlehem, the city of David, is mentioned by that prophet as the birth- place of the Messiah. I wonder if the shepherds, to whom this revelation of Christ's birth was given, had not that prophecy in mind as they kept watch over their flocks by night, and were treasuring in their hearts the hope, as all Judea was treasuring it, that the Messiah would soon come. Those humble men had opened to them a vision of God. And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethle- hem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us. (Luke 2:15.) The shepherds did not say, "I wonder if this be true." They did not say, "Let us go and see if this thing be true." They said, "Let us go and see this thing which is come to pass which the Lord hath made known unto us" — an assurance that God had revealed His Son, that the angels had given to the world the message that He who should be King of kings and Lord of lords had come as a mere Babe in the humblest part of that little Judean town. What would you give — you who may not have the assurance — to have in your hearts that same confidence that Christ is born, that Christ lives, that God heralded His birth by angels in heaven? All doubt would be banished, all worry concerning your purpose here in life would cease. That is what such a testimony means. Youth— Whom Do You Seek? "What seek ye?" were the first words that Christ uttered to some of His Twelve, or some who after- wards became members of the Twelve. "Master, where dwellest thou?" He did not say over here, or over there; but He said, "Come and see." (John 1:38, 39.) And they went with Him that day and spent the rest of the afternoon in His presence. I ask the youth of the Church today, "Whom do you seek?" Would you keep that youth which is yours now? Then love the Lord your God with all your mind, and with all your heart, and with all your soul; and though the body becomes decrepit and, like an old house, begins to tumble, your spirit will still be young, because your body, after all, is but the house in which you live. Even when your heart stops beating, your eyelids close, and you re- spond no more to your physical environment, that spirit, still young, will go into the presence of Him whom you have made your ideal. Then truly will it be demonstrated that: The stars shall fade away, the Sun himself Grow dim with age, and Nature sink in years; But thou shalt flourish in immortal youth, Unhurt amidst the war of elements, The wreck of matter, and the crash of worlds. 1 "O Living Christ . . ." As we celebrate His birth this Christmastide, I hope that the teachings and life of the Master will be more beautiful, more necessary, and more appli- cable to human happiness than ever before. Never have I believed more firmly in the perfection of 'Joseph Addison, "Cato," Act V, Scene I. 462 THE I N STR UCTOR humanity as the final result of man's placement here on earth. With my whole soul I accept Jesus Christ as the personification of human perfection — as God made manifest in the flesh, as the Savior and Redeemer of mankind. Accepting Him as my Redeemer, Savior and Lord, I accept His gospel as the plan of salvation, as the one perfect way to human happiness and peace. There is not a prin- ciple which was taught by Him but seems to me to be applicable to the growth, development, and hap- piness of mankind. Every one of His teachings seems to me to touch the true philosophy of living. I accept them with all my heart! Despite discouragement and disheartening con- ditions throughout the world, Christmas is the happiest season of the whole year. But let us ever keep in mind that people are most blessed whose daily conduct most nearly comports with the teach- ings and example of Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior, at whose birth was proclaimed: ". . . On earth peace, good will toward men." (Luke 2:14.) May the peace of our Father in heaven abide in your hearts and the hearts of people everywhere as they draw near to Him in prayer and in praise this Christmastide. May the sick be restored; may the sorrowing be comforted; may the lonely have their hearts lifted; may the weary be rested; the needy be fed; may the doubting receive assurance; and may evil and designing men be confounded. O living Christ who still Dost all our burden share, Come now and reign within the hearts Of all men everywhere. — John Oxenham. 3 2 From "Peace" by John Oxenham. Selected Poems of John Oxen- ham, Harper and Brothers, New York, 1948; page 113. Used by per- mission. Library File Reference: JESUS CHRIST. THE DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION Advisers to the General Board: General Superintendent: First Asst. Gen. Supt.: Second Asst. Gen. Supt.: General Treasurer: General Secretary: Richard L. Evans I Howard W. Hunter David Lawrence McKay Lynn S. Richards Royden G. Derrick Paul B. Tanner Jay W. Mitton THE INSTRUCTOR STAFF Editor: Associate Editors: Business Manager: Managing Editor: Editorial Assistants: Research Editor: Art Director: Circulation Manager: Subscriber-relations Director: Instructor Secretary: Consultant: Executive Committee: Instructor Use and Circulation Committee: MEMBERS OF DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION GENERAL BOARD & THE INSTRUCTOR COMMITTEE: David Lawrence McKay, Lynn S. Richards, Royden G. Derrick, Paul B. Tanner. Jay W. Mitton, Claribel W. Aldous, Ruel A. Allred, Carlos E. Asay, J. Hugh Baird, Catherine Bowles, John S. Boyden, G. Leland Burningham, Marshall T. Burton, Herald L. Carlston, Victor B. Cline, Calvin C. Cook, Robert M. Cun- dick, L. H. Curtis, D. Evan Davis, Carolyn Dunn, Reed C. Durham, Jr., Robert L. Egbert, Henry Eyring, Frank W. Gay, Elmer J. Hartvigsen, Samuel L. Holmes, Lewis M. Jones, Thomas J. Parmley, Willis S. Peterson, Rex D. Pinegar, Blaine R. Porter, Eldon H. Puckett, Warren E. Pugh, Ethna R. Reid, Wayne F. Richards, G. Robert Ruff, Alexander Schreiner, Carol C. Smith, Joseph Fielding Smith, Jr., Donna D. Sorensen, Bar- bara Jane Vance, Kathryn Barnes Vernon, Lorin F. Wheel- wright, Frank Wise, Clarence E. Wonnacott, Ralph Woodward. Published by the Deseret Sunday School Union of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the first day of every month at Salt Lake City, Utah. Entered at Salt Lake City Post Office as second class matter acceptable for mailing at special rate of postage provided in Sec- tion 1103. Act of Oct. 3, 1917, authorized on July 8, 1928. Copyright 1967 by the Deseret Sunday School Union. All rights reserved. Thirty to forty-five days notice required for change of address. When ordering a change, please include address slip from a recent issue of the magazine. Address changes cannot be made unless the old address as well as the new one is included. Also, report the new postal ZIP Code number. Mail subscriptions to The Instructor, 79 South State Street, Salt Lake City, Utah 84111. Subscription price is $3 per year, paid in advance. Single issues, 35 cents each. Bound volumes sell for $6.75 when all magazines are furnished by The Instructor. When subscriber supplies his own issues, binding charge is $3.75. President David O. McKay David Lawrence McKay Lorin F. Wheelwright Jay W. Mitton Burl Shephard Virginia Baker Goldie B. Despain H. George Bickerstaff Sherman T. Martin LaNeta Taylor Marie F. Felt Peggy Harryman A. William Lund Lorin F. Wheelwright, chairman; Henry Eyring, G. Robert Ruff, Lewis M. Jones, Donna D. Sorensen, Reed C. Durham, Jr., Ethna R. Redd. Lewis M. Jones, chairman; G. Robert Ruff. Calvin C. Cook, Jay W. Mitton. DECEMBER 1967 463 Photo by David W. Evans Associates. "Can we have fun with our friends and still keep Church standards?" Discussing the subject are, left to right Kay Thornblad (Midvale Fifth Ward, Midvale Stake); Pauline Cowley, Arlene Prows, Denise Dahn, and Ola Despain (Butler Fourth Ward, Butler West Stake). ng people that Jesus' teachings still apply today? Is it possible for youth to find the breakthrough in J.J.KSW K/\A/iV W \S \S W fj \J\JM I \S \J\J tj GOSPEL STANDARDS AND POPULARITY* by Elder Paul H. Dunn of the First Council of the Seventy Some time ago I had to accept a challenge when one of my daughters came to me with a social prob- lem that was very disturbing. She was in junior (For Course 9, lesson of February 18, "A Latter-day Saint Is Loyal"; for Course 15, lesson of February 25, "Paul Appeals to Caesar"; for Course 17, lesson of February 4, "King Noah and Abinadi"; for Course 25, lesson of February 18, "A Promise To Be Kept"; for Course 27, lesson of January 21, "Faith in Jesus Christ"; to support family home evening lesson 22; and of general interest.) high school at the time, and involved with a social group consisting of seven girls (four members of the Church and three nonmembers). The four had a silent pact, as it were, to convert the other three. One day while lunching together, as they frequently *Excerpted from a talk, "Happiness Is . . . ," by Elder Paul H. Dunn, at Brigham Young University, April 18, 1967. Published by Extension Publications, BYU, Provo, Utah. Used by permission. 464 THE I N STR UCTOR did, one of the young Latter-day Saint girls com- menced to tell an off-color story. It was in poor taste and totally out of order. Keep Me Popular My daughter came home that night and recount- ed the situation. In fact, she was even bold enough to tell me the story. It was a problem! "Now, Dad," she said, "don't tell me what's right and what's wrong. I think I understand the principles of the gos- pel sufficiently to know that that wasn't the thing to do. But," she said, "what do you do when you find yourself in this kind of a situation? How do you handle it?" She did not add this postscript, but I could see it in her eyes: "Remember, Dad, the important thing at my age is to be included. And remember, sir, all 15-year-olds want, to be popular, to be ac- cepted, to be wanted, and they don't want things to be too 'churchy.' " She was saying, in effect, "Will you give me an answer and at the same time keep me popular." Well, now, that is a task for any teacher or parent. So we visited for awhile. I try frequently to get my daughters to see the application of the prin- ciples of the gospel in their lives. I turned, after some discussion, to the cleansing of the temple ex- perience recorded in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. You will recall the story of the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the practices of the money changers. As I read it, I asked her, "What do you get out of this story?" She said, "Well, the Savior was upset." Stand Up and Be Counted I said, "May I just suggest one thought? He was saying to His peer group that there comes a time in every person's life when he has to stand up and be counted, and while it may not be the popular thing to do, there are times when you have to do what is right even though it is not easy. You may have to stand alone a few times." I said, "You think about that. Then you and I will have another talk." She thought about it and came back a little while later and said, "I can't think of any way yet to apply the principle, Dad." So we talked some more. I said, "I'll tell you what — if the Savior was right, let's you and me go out in the garage, and I'll make a cat-o'-nine-tails whip. Then you go over tomorrow and clean out that junior high school of all its iniquities." "Dad," she said, "you have missed the point. You can't do that and be popular." I said, "All right, how's this for an idea? The next time you find yourself in that kind of social situation and somebody starts to tell an off-color story, you stand up and say, 'Now you listen here, we won't have any more of that!' " She said, "Dad, you just haven't got it! I couldn't do that!" I thought maybe she would think that way, and I said, "Well, now, why don't you submit a plan?" She said, "Let me think some more." The New Testament Works! I went about my business. A new day came and went, and as I returned home the next day I found my wife in the kitchen peeling potatoes, and I no- ticed she was holding back the tears. "What's the matter, honey?" I asked. She said, "It's your daughter! Better go see her." I thought, "Another crisis!" So I tiptoed into the back bedroom and there was a sweet experience awaiting me. This little lady, who had wrestled with life as it really is, was pushing back a few tears of her own. I said, "Well, tell me what is the matter." And she said, "Dad, it's an interesting thing. I took the cleansing of the temple story to task today and tried it out." "Oh, did you clean out junior high?" "No," she said, "I called M— (the LDS girl who had told the off-color story) and said, 'Can you walk home with me?' 'Yes.' So we walked home. I brought her into the bedroom and sat her down and I said, 'M — , I want you to know that our friend- ship means a great deal to me. Yesterday you real- ly put all of us on the spot. I felt it, and I think you did. I know you didn't mean to cause feelings or tension, but when you told that story it reduced all of us in the eyes of our non-Latter-day Saint friends. Now, while I appreciate your intent was maybe honorable, and you thought this was a clever way to be noticed, I wonder if the next time you feel that you have to do this, you would warn 'me in advance so that I could be excused.' " M — broke down, put her arms around her friend and said, "Will you forgive me?" She said, "Dad, we cried for half an hour." Then the climax: "You know what, Dad?" "No, what?" I asked. She said, "The New Testament really works, doesn't it?" Library File Reference: YOUTH. DECEMBER 1967 465 66TF anyone had suggested to me a few months ago J_ that I would ever smoke marijuana, I would have knocked him down." He was a nice-looking young man, tall, and powerfully built from years of weight lifting and sports. I knew he meant what he said. It would be very difficult to force him physically into doing any- thing he did not want to do. I knew, too, that he was from a good home with fine parents who loved him with all the love they had to give. They had taught him of the things of God and of the prin- ciples of right and wrong. "How did you start, then?" I asked. "It was so simple, it's hard to believe even now," he replied. "One day I was with another fellow who was smoking marijuana as we walked along the street. He asked me if I'd ever tried it, and I said no. He handed the cigarette to me and suggested I take a few puffs, and without thinking, I did." He sat, shaking his head, still unable to con- ceive how marijuana smoking had ever happened to him. Then he continued, "All that fellow had to do was give me the chance, and I took it. I knew better, but at that moment I couldn't see any harm For awhile the life of the drug addict seems like fun, but there is a constant emptiness inside — a strange feeling of starving to death in a land of plenty. It was depravity of this and other kinds which enabled the Prophet Amos to foresee — "...A FAMINE IN THE LAND 99 by Martin C. Nalder* 466 THE INSTRUCTOR in trying it just once. After I'd smoked the first one, it was funny . . . the next time there weren't the same reasons for saying no that I'd had before." The young man went on to tell me that he later began using LSD and other drugs in almost the same way. He dropped out of college and went to work in order to make enough money to supply himself with these things. He started offering the chance to "try them" to other young people, and many of them accepted. He began to associate with others who, like himself, were running away from life by withdrawing into an unreal, fantasy world of drugs. He stayed away from home, riding the streets late at night on a motorcycle, taking dangerous chances at high speeds "for kicks." There were girls around him all the time, it seemed — girls whose standards were lower than those he had been taught, and they encouraged him to break the moral laws of God. One morning he came home at five a.m. and found his mother in tears. She began to plead with him to stop what he was doing and return to the things he knew to be right. He struck her with his fists, then tried to choke her. That is why this young man was sitting in my office that day. He now realized that something had gone wrong. He was not the same fine young man he had been a few months before, and he was frightened at what had happened to him. He was wise enough to know he needed help and had come to get it. "I feel like I'm living in a strange land," he told me. "I'm not sure right now how I got here or where I am, but I want to get back home." Just Once! How could a young man who should have been a fighter for the things of God have become a hostile, scared, confused, unhappy individual? We live in times when there are many who fol- low the ideas of King Noah in the Book of Mormon, a man who "did not keep the commandments of God, but he did walk after the desires of his own heart. . . . And he did cause his people to commit sin, and do that which was abominable in the sight (For Course 9, lesson of January 14, "A Latter-day Saint Is Self-reliant and Has Self-control"; for Course 17, lessons of Feb- ruary 4 and 11, "King Noah and Abinadi" and "From Bondage to Freedom"; for Course 19, lesson of February 25, "New Light Upon Relationship of Man to God"; for Course 25, lessons of January 14 and 21, "Return Unto Me" and "Turn Around and Face the Light"; for Course 27, lesson of January 28, "Repentance"; for Course 29, lesson of December 31, "Repentance"; to support family home eve- ning lessons 17 and 18; and of general interest.) ♦Martin C. Nalder has authored two 3-act plays, In the Time of Harvest, (published 1954) and No Greater Crown (1959). He is first counselor in the Sherman Oaks Second Ward bishopric, San Fer- nando (California) Stake, and has held positions of regional drama director, superintendent of both Sunday School and YMMIA, and MIA teacher. He served in the British Mission, where he was asso- ciate editor of the Millennial Star. He attended Stanford Univer- sity (A.B., 1947), University of Utah (M.A., 1954), Cornell Univer- sity Medical College (M.D., 1957), and UCLA (M.P.H., 1964). He was a peace corps psychiatrist with UCLA and is now in private practice in psychiatry. of the Lord." (Mosiah 11:2.) People of this type live for the pleasures of life. They object to any- one trying to influence them for good. "I'll do it if I want to," they boast, "and besides, it's fun." Those little words seem to justify anything — it's fun. If a righteous man warns of the disastrous consequences of such behavior, as Abinadi warned King Noah and his followers, the sinful become angry and seek to destroy him, not always physi- cally or by force, but more often in our day and age in subtle ways — such as offering the chance to try something, just once. It is frightening how often that is all it takes to start a bad habit — just once. The Emptiness Grows There are thousands of young people, and older ones, too, who live in this make-believe world full of pleasures and opportunities to indulge them- selves. For awhile it seems like fun, but there is a constant emptiness inside which needs to be filled — a strange feeling of starving to death in a world of plenty. It does not make sense, so they try more and more things which others say will satisfy their need, and they break more and more the commandments of God. And the emptiness gets worse. They reject society, their families, and their religious beliefs. They recognize they have become different, that they are no longer comfortable at church or among people who are trying to live gos- pel principles. They feel alienated as their con- fusion and hunger increases, because in their land — the land of the King Noahs— there is a famine: . . . not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the Lord: And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the Lord, and shall not find it. In that day shall the fair virgins and young men faint for thirst . . . they shall fall, and never rise up again. (Amos 8:11-14.) A Hard Journey Back The young man who sat in my office that day is on the road back from the realms of the King- Noahs to the land of righteous men like Abinadi, where the wells of living water will satisfy his inner hungers and thirsts. He is a fighter, and he knows now what to fight and that the fight is a constant one. He realizes that the principles of righteousness cannot be forgotten or ignored, not even once. It is a long and a hard journey back, but I believe he will make it. Library File Reference: TEMPTATION. DECEMBER 1 967 467 As children of our Father in heaven we are given the right of being agents unto our- selves — free to choose and act — which gift of free agency is . . . POWER BEYOND UNDERSTANDING by Wilford E. Smith* While serving as an army chaplain in Honolulu in 1944, I was having a friendly argument about free agency with my assistant one day as we rode in my jeep. He was a bright, young college graduate who planned to become a minister when the war was over. He was defending the Calvinistic doctrine of predestination which contends that the course of each person's life was set before he was born and that he could make no choices or decisions which would change it. We soon stopped for a red signal light at a busy intersection, and I said, "Don't stop. Drive right on through." "We'll get killed," he replied. "We couldn't pos- sibly get through that traffic." "No, we won't. Go on through. Nothing can hurt us if we are not predestined to be hurt; and if we are, nothing can change it." For a moment he appeared to be trapped; then he responded brightly, "But we were predestined to stop for this red light." The Fatalistic View This fatalistic view makes mortal men little more than clods unable to influence their own destiny. It is a monstrous doctrine which places on God the blame for everything evil which men do, for He, being omnipotent, predestined them to do it. And it recognizes no virtue in men for doing good, for that, too, was predestined and is beyond human freedom of choice. A few weeks ago, while serving my annual short tour of active duty in a military hospital, a fine- looking young sergeant recuperating from a nervous breakdown pleaded for enlightenment on this same question. The pathos in his voice reflected the over- whelming depth of his struggle for meaning in life as he haltingly asked, "Chaplain, if it is true that God is omniscient, and He knows everything that is going to happen long before it takes place, why does He let so many terrible things go on? What can we do to change a world in which everything has already been determined?" (For Course 9, lesson of January 14, "A Latter-day Saint Is Self-reliant and Has Self-control"; for Course 15, lesson of Decem- ber 31, "On the Road to Damascus"; for Course 17, "The Church Established"; for Course 19, lessons of February 11 and 25, "Knowl- edge Concerning Eternal Nature of Man" and "New Light Upon Relationship of Man to God"; for Course 29, lessons of February 18 and 25, "Foreordination and Predestination" and "Law of Eternal Progression"; and of general interest.) ♦Wilford E. Smith is first counselor in the bishopric of Oak Hills First Ward, East Sharon (Utah) Stake. He has served as stake Sun- day School superintendent, a member of the Sunday School stake board, a high councilor, high priest group leader, MIA teacher, and has filled a mission in New Zealand. He has been professor of sociology at Brigham Young University for the past 20 years. He attended the University of Utah (B.A., 1943), BYU (M.A., 1948), and the University of Washington (PhD., 1952). He and his wife, Ruth Christensen, have five children. 468 TH E INSTRUCTOR I was deeply moved by the great frustration which had placed this young man on the brink of insanity, as he struggled with his own sense of fail- ure, guilt, and nothingness. Man is not a pawn in a monstrous game. Man was placed by a loving Father into a mortal, earthly situation in which all the ingredients are available for him to create his own garden of Eden. Beauty beyond description, power beyond understanding, and wealth beyond calculation lie at man's finger tips, in orderly patterns which challenge him to unlock the doors and become a creator, even in mor- tality. The Basic Law of Existence There is a law, irrevocably decreed in heaven, which governs the movement of matter in time and space. 1 Line upon line, precept upon precept, men who apply themselves diligently can learn these laws and use them to control and subdue the earths The same logic applies to the control of human be- havior. One basic law of human existence is that man lives in order that he might have joy. 3 Another is that wickedness never was happiness. 4 Another is that man can be saved no faster than he gains knowledge. 5 By using knowledge to avoid the pitfalls of wickedness (since failure to use it is the same as beating one's head against irrevocable law) , man can find the pathways to joy. That so many fail to find the way is a tribute to the powers of Satan who is still blinding men with the doctrine of predestination — a doctrine which deadens eagerness to seek, to ask, to knock, to search. As Paul so eloquently taught, the influence of cultural impressions on human thought makes it im- possible for a man to be self-made or to stand alone. Man learns from others, and none can find the way to truth without good teaching. 6 It is so easy for the best of men to flounder in ignorance, even when motivated by good intentions, as Paul did before his vision. Is Life A Hollow Mockery? Much eternal truth has been given to us in the scriptures. We have only to study them and then apply the truths learned to know that enlightened men develop a culture in which individual and co- iSee Doctrine and Covenants 88:34-43; 130:20, 21. 2 See Doctrine and Covenants 88:78-79. "See 2 Nephi 2:25. *See Alma 41:10. B See Doctrine and Covenants 130:18, 19. •See Romans 10:10-15. operative efforts can create beauty and build a great technological and social organization to lift men out of the mire of fatalistic belief in predestination. My young friend in Hawaii was not predestined to stop at the red light. The light was not even predestined to be there. Thinking men deliberated before placing it there, and my driver had practiced diligently to learn how to drive and how to use red lights for protection. Similarly, there were real causes for the young sergeant's mental illness which could be corrected as they became understood. He is now on the road to recovery. In time he will undoubtedly under- stand himself more fully and take the necessary steps to regain full control of himself. Life is not a hollow mockery in which men dance as puppets on a string. The world is man's to sub- due and to control. By working together in coopera- tive intelligence, men are creating and discovering new marvels every day, and we have seen only the beginning. In the Latter-day Saint culture, where people are taught to strive, and to realize that man reaps as he sows, failure to use free agency in responsible search for truth and in application of known truth is mockery of both God and man. This failure cannot help but reduce the happiness which creative man was put on the earth to enjoy. The Power Within! In a world where so many good people suffer because of honest ignorance, great is the respon- sibility of Mormons to prepare themselves to know the truth and to help less fortunate people find it. It is the challenge of the Latter-day Saints to be a light unto the world: . . . As well might man stretch forth his puny arm to stop the Missouri river in its decreed course, or to turn it up stream, as to hinder the Almighty from pouring down knowledge from heaven upon the heads of the Latter-day Saints. (Doctrine and Cove- nants 121:33.) Jesus said: Verily I say, men should be anxiously engaged in a good cause, and do many things of their own free will, and bring to pass much righteousness; For the power is in them, wherein they are agents unto themselves. And inasmuch as men do good they shall in nowise lose their reward. But he that doeth not anything until he is com- manded, and receiueth a commandment with doubt- ful heart, and keepeth it with slothfulness, the same is damned. (Doctrine and Covenants 58:27-29.) Library File Reference: FREE AGENCY. DECEMBER 1967 469 Art by Dale Kilbourn. Members of the Church have a responsibility to extend the right hand of fellowship to new members and investigators. For it is written in the scriptures, "That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that , ye also may have — *e Fellowship With Us by Warren E. Pugh* 9* I JOHN 1:3 After having tracted in a certain area in Califor- nia for several days without success, two young mis- sionaries finally were admitted to a humble home where they found a family (father, mother, and three little girls) who indicated some interest in hearing their message. Since there were several members of the Church living in this area, with an organized ward and a lovely chapel, the mission- aries felt that they had a fine opportunity to bring this family into the Church. After teaching the first discussion, the mission- aries invited the family to attend Sunday School and sacrament meeting. The little girls thought this would be exciting, especially since the mission- (For Course 9, lesson of February 11, "A Latter-day Saint Is Kind"; for Course 13, lessons of December 31 and March 3, "Re- jected by His Own" and "Who Is My Neighbor?"; for Course 15, lesson of February 4, "Gentiles Given the Right Hand of Fellow- ship"; for Course 25, lesson of February 4, ,T Redressing Wrongs"; and of general interest to all classes.) aries had explained that friendly people lived in the ward. The children were looking forward to meeting some new friends and hearing more about the Church. Sunday morning they arose early, put on their best dresses, and walked to the chapel. When they reached the Church, they met some other little girls whom they recognized as their classmates in day school. They thought to them- selves, "Isn't this wonderful! We already know some people in the Church." But to their amazement, their school friends came up to them and said, "What are you doing here? You don't belong to our Church. You can't come to our Sunday School." *Warren E. Pugh is a member of the Sunday School general board. He has served as president of Northern California Mission and as bishop of Holladay Eighth Ward. Other church positions in- clude bishop's counselor, high council member, and Sunday School superintendent. He is presently Utah State senator and was former- ly a member of Utah State House of Representatives. Brother Pugh and his wife (Leta V. Curtis) have three children. Their son, Donald, is serving a mission in Scotland. 470 THE INSTRUCTOR Embarrassed and hurt, especially since the mis- sionaries had told them how welcome they would be at Sunday School, the three little girls turned around and went home. They reported the incident to their parents. From this time on, the missionaries were no longer welcome in that home. A family that might have accepted the gospel was denied the oppor- tunity because of the thoughtless actions of Sunday School members — who ought to have known better. How different the story might have been if the little girls who were members of the Church, upon seeing their nonmember classmates, had come up to them in genuine love and said, "How happy we are to have you visit our Sunday School! Come with us and we will show you where to go and introduce you to bur teacher." Those who are converts themselves, and mission- aries who have taught the gospel to converts, truly appreciate the importance of the actions and atti- tudes of Church members toward investigators. Most converts and investigators find it necessary to change some of their former habits. Many find upon joining the Church that their former friends are not as close to them as they were earlier. The things the new members formerly did for recreation and entertainment no longer are appropriate. This sim- ply means that new friends within the Church must be found. New activities and different forms of recreation must supplant those in which they can no longer participate. In addition to this, new members of the Church are being introduced to forms of worship with which they are not familiar. Our sacrament service, conducted by the Aaronic Priesthood, is very different from that of the Protestant or Catholic churches from which they might have come. The extent to which our young people par- ticipate is unique. The fact that our bishop and other priesthood leaders are not professional min- isters is different. New converts also are being ex- posed to new teachings, such as the restoration of the priesthood, present-day revelation, the nature of the Godhead, to mention only a few. All of these things add up to a need for genuine friendship among members of the Church. This problem, which we refer to as fellowshiping, is not new in the Church. It has existed wherever missionaries have made converts. This is especially true when the gospel is introduced to people with different backgrounds from those of the main body of the Church. The Apostle Paul found, as he taught the gos- pel and baptized new converts at Antioch, that there were some in the Christian Church who would not accept the new converts because they were not Jews and were not living according to the Jewish law. Paul, and Barnabas, his companion, then ap- pealed to Peter at Jerusalem, who made it clear that the Lord had revealed through him, Peter, that the gospel was to be taught to the Gentiles. Peter further testified that he had seen the Gentiles re- ceive the Holy Ghost. And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us. (Acts 15:8.) These people were then accepted into the Church in full fellowship, as a result of being baptized and receiving the Holy Ghost. On another occasion Paul wrote to the converts at Ephesus, calling their attention to some of the ways they had lived before accepting Jesus Christ. He then reminded them of their new conditions after baptism: Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God. (Ephesians 2:19.) Fortunately for new converts today, most Church members accept this direction of Paul and are will- ing to help the new members become "fellowciti- zens with the saints" no matter what their former backgrounds might have been. In one area of the Church the ward membership has caught the spirit of fellowshiping. A young man and his wife were baptized, and following their con- firmation on Sunday they were visited in their home by 21 people from the ward. Imagine how welcome they felt and how much easier it was for them to make the adjustments as "fellowcitizens with the saints," knowing that the ward members were genuinely interested in them! After having asked many new converts how they came to join the Church, I am convinced that most conversions are the result of some member of the Church inviting a friend or relative to investi- gate. People who are introduced to the gospel in this way have a great advantage, because they are already partly fellowshiped through their friend. Sunday School members of all ages can help the fellowshiping program by watching for people at- tending Sunday School the first time. Let us be gracious and helpful to them. They may need assistance in finding the proper class — but perhaps their greatest need is just to find a friend. Library File Reference: FELLOWSHIP. DECEMBER 1967 471 A Remarkable Meetin by Chad L. Hoopes* God often intervenes in man's life to help him withstand the traumas of worldly existence and to make his life more meaningful. Elder David 0. McKay, when recounting "a remarkable meeting" that occurred on November 4, 1921, testified to that premise: If men will but seek the Lord in the right way, they will always find Him. 1 (See centerspread article, "In the Land Where Paul Taught," November issue of The Instructor, for history of the Church in the Middle East.) While touring the Mormon missions throughout the world in 1921, Elders David O. McKay and Hugh J. Cannon desired to contact Joseph Wilford Booth, former Turkish Mission president, and the most reliable person to guide them to the few sur- viving members of the Turkish Mission. They knew only that he was en route to Aleppo, Syria. Be- cause of World War I and the Turkish rebellion, members of the Church in the Middle East had been scattered, imprisoned, and murdered. In the small community of Aintab, Syria, for example, over one hundred Church members had been reduced to about thirty-five in number by November, 1921. The pos- sibility of the missionaries assembling these few Saints seemed to Elder McKay quite nebulous with- (For Course 7, lesson of January 14, "When To Pray"; for Course 9, lesson of December 10, "A Latter-day Saint Is Prayerful"; for Course 13, lesson of February 11, "The Return of the Missionaries"; for Course 15, lessons of January 17 and February 4, "The Roman Empire" and "Gentiles Given the Right Hand of Fellowship"; for Course 27, lessons of January 14 and 21, "Servants of God" and "Faith in Jesus Christ"; and of general interest.) ^Deseret News, Salt Lake City, November 26, 1932; page 6. ELDERS DAVID O. MC KAY (RIGHT) AND HUGH J. CANNON IN THE MIDDLE EAST. out the help of Joseph Booth, who understood the language and knew the geography of Syria. These men prayed that God would make possible their meeting, that they might reorganize the Turkish Mission and give to the Armenian Saints some $7,000 collected in Utah to feed, clothe, and house the destitute Church members. 2 God did intervene. The three missionaries did meet in Haifa, Syria, in a miraculous way. The World Tour Mission President Heber J. Grant had publicly an- nounced the world tour of missions on October 15, 1920. He had always desired, as a junior apostle, to tour the missions in order to study conditions and gather data so that there would be someone in the First Presidency and Council of the Twelve who was thoroughly familiar with actual mission condi- tions. Elder McKay was asked to carry out this unique mission. President Grant also suggested to Elder McKay that he ask Hugh J. Cannon, who was president of Liberty Stake, to accompany him. Elder McKay remarked at a general conference: "I readily acquiesced because I knew his worth. Then I respected him; today I love him." 3 On December 2, 1920, the missionaries attended a special meeting in the Salt Lake Temple, where the First Presidency and members of the Twelve set apart the two men as "missionaries to travel around the world." Elder Cannon recorded parts of the meeting in his journal. He wrote: This occasion merits attention because of the in- spired promises which were made and their subse- *Chad L. Hoopes and his wife (Gayle Scott) and their four children live in Fortuna Ward, Redwood Stake (California). Brother Hoopes has taught in the Sunday School and YMMIA and has served as elders quorum president. He attended Brigham Young University (B.S., 1964) and University of California (M.A., 1965), and at present is teaching history at the College of the Redwoods. Brother Hoopes has authored several historical articles and a book on California history. 2 David O. McKay, Cherished Experiences; Deseret Book Company. Salt Lake City, Utah, 1955; page 79. 3 92nd Annual Conference Report, April 6, 1922; page 62. 472 THE I NSTR UCTOR quent miraculous fulfillment. Had the travelers ex- pressed the innermost desires of their hearts, the result could hardly have been more satisfactory. No prophets of old ever spoke with more certainty than did President Grant, as he pronounced a bless- ing upon Brother McKay, stating among other things that he should have power to avoid dangers both seen and unseen and that his course would be directed by the whispering of the divine spirit. 4 A Prayer on Mount of Olives The itinerary of the world tour included Japan, China, Hawaii, the Pacific Islands, New Zealand, Australia, India, Greece, Italy, and other countries. On November 2, 1921, the missionaries arrived in Jerusalem. In the meantime, Joseph Booth, hav- ing left Utah in September, 1921, neared the Holy Land. He had traveled from New York to England, to Italy, to Greece, to Alexandria. It is ironical that both parties represented a specific mission for the Church, but that they were not cognizant of one another's whereabouts. Elders McKay and Cannon, by telegram, had inquired of Booth at the United States consulate at Aleppo, Syria. The American consul replied: "Informed Booth en route Aleppo. Do not know whereabouts." 5 Furthermore, the European Mission president knew only that Booth traveled to Aleppo. The dilemma of when and where to meet Booth prevailed. Elder McKay wrote in his dairy: We have no idea where he is, but shall leave Jerusalem for Haifa, en route to Aleppo, tomorrow morning. Have concluded to go by auto through Samaria, visiting Bible scenes. 6 Elders McKay and Cannon climbed the Mount of Olives. Near where Christ once prayed, they prayed "that we should be led by inspiration on our trip to the Armenian Mission." Hugh J. Cannon testi- fied that on this occasion his strongest convictions of the divinity of Mormonism came to him. "My faith in the divine Lord was never stronger, never deeper than at present," he said. 7 Two significant events after the missionaries left the Mount had direct relation to the miraculous meeting with Booth: first, McKay decided not to travel to Haifa by auto but by train; second, Cannon failed to make Haifa hotel reservations. Elder McKay said, Upon returning to the hotel from the Mount I felt strongly impressed that we should go by train and not by auto to Haifa. When I said as much to President Cannon, he replied, "If you feel that way we had better take the train." 8 A Direct Answer to Prayer On November 4 the two Mormons left Jerusalem for Haifa. Booth also traveled by train towards Haifa. His diary depicts his thoughts of the im- probability of meeting the world travelers: 7 had left Utah in September, 1921, and was not informed as to the itinerary of these elders, except that they had been instructed to visit the twelve- year-shepherdless flock in Syria. Where were these brethren? On this point I was as ignorant as they were of my whereabouts. Fervent prayers were of- fered daily to the Lord, in whose service we were, that somehow, in His infinite wisdom, we all might meet; and of course Palestine was the most desir- able place in all the world for that meeting, but how unlikely amid a million chances. 9 Booth traveled on the Kantara train from Alex- andria to the Holy Land. This train met the Haifa train at Ludd Junction, several miles northeast of Jerusalem. McKay and Cannon arrived at Ludd only a short time prior to Booth's arrival. Before he boarded their train bound for Haifa, Booth spent nearly an hour walking about Ludd looking for the two missionaries. Booth recalled: "I was disap- pointed in not meeting them there." 10 This remark suggests that Booth believed Ludd the most likely meeting place, since it was the main railroad junc- tion for Haifa. While at the Ludd junction, Presi- dent Cannon neglected to call Haifa for hotel reser- vations (they generally made advance reservations to facilitate travel) . McKay noted the significance of Cannon's forgetfulness: It was nothing unusual for me to forget a thing like that, but it was for Brother Cannon. Indeed, I do not recall another single important detail on the entire trip which he forgot or overlooked. 11 Because of President Cannon's forgetfulness, Elder McKay, upon arriving at Haifa, sought infor- mation regarding reliable hotels. This unusual delay at the railroad station is important. Elder McKay said: "I went to the station office door just at the same moment that another traveler reached it. He touched me on the shoulder saying, 'Isn't this Brother McKay?'" 12 Joseph Booth also re- corded this meeting in his diary: (Concluded on page 475.) *Hugh J. Cannon, World Journal, page 8. MS possessed by Dean Cannon, Fullerton, California. 5 David O. McKay, Cherished Experiences; page 80. "David O. McKay, Cherished Experiences; page 80. "'Beseret News, Salt Lake City, January 23, 1922; page 6. 8 David O. McKay, Cherished Experiences; page 80. 9 Joseph W. Booth, "The Armenian Mission," The Improvement Era, Vol. 31 (October, 1928), page 1049. "Joseph W. Booth, Personal Diaries, November 4, 1921. Booth's Diaries are in the Special Collections section of the BYU library. n David O. McKay, Cherished Experiences; pages 81, 82. ^Deseret News, Salt Lake City, November 26, 1932; page 6. DECEMBER 1967 473 Keeping our minds on all of the Lord's com- mandments is like juggling 10 balls and then juggling a hundred others besides. But Jesus gave us a simple way to keep His command- ments in . . . THE INCREDIBLE LAW OF LOVE by Winnifred C. Jardine' The noted photographer-writer Yousuf Karsh once traveled from his home in Canada to Lamba- rene, South Africa, to do camera portraits of one of the world's great men — Dr. Albert Schweitzer. As Karsh studied this renowned doctor, musician, phi- losopher, humanitarian, theologian, and writer, a thousand questions crowded his mind. How did Dr. Schweitzer think Christ would be received if He were to appear in our time, Yousuf Karsh inquired. "People would not understand Him at all," the doctor replied, softly. Which, then, Karsh pressed, did Dr. Schweitzer consider the most important of the Ten Command- ments? Dr. Schweitzer thought about 'that for a long (For Course 5, lessons of December 2 to 24, "Jesus Showed Us How To Love One Another," "Love Makes Us Want To Share," "Our Heavenly Father Loves Us," and "We Show Our Love When We Are Kind"; for Course 9, lesson of December 24, "Christmas, A Time for Loving and Giving"; for Course 11, lesson of February 4, "The First and Second Commandments"; for Course 17, lesson of January 7, "Life and Teachings of Jacob"; for Course 25, lesson of December 10, "Gifts That Can't Be Wrapped"; to support family home eve- ning lesson 13; and of general interest.) *Winnifred C. Jardine, well known as a home economist and journalist, is an active member of the East Mill Creek Seventh Ward, East Mill Creek (Salt Lake) Stake. She is a member of the women's committee, International LDS student association advisory board, and is a Primary teacher. Past positions include being a member of the YWMIA general board, stake Primary board, stake Relief Society board, and the editorial board of The Children's Friend. She has been a stake YWMIA president. Sister Jardine at- tended Iowa State University (B.S., 1941). She is married to Stuart B. Jardine, and they have four children. moment, then replied, "Christ gave only one com- mandment. And that was Love." 1 The Great Commandment Is it possible that love would encompass the in- structions the Lord gave to Moses on Mount Sinai during those 40 days? Is it conceivable that all of the Ten Commandments could be contained in the Law of Love? Jesus spent the last three years of His life teach- ing the doctrines of His Father. And yet, when a Pharisee lawyer inquired as to which was the great commandment in the law, Jesus answered him: . . . Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. (Matthew 22: 37-40.) Is it credible that all the teachings of the Savior could be gathered under this one great com- mandment of love? We may question whether we can possibly keep all the commandments of the Lord. We might even wonder if we know what they are. Keeping our minds on all of the commandments at once is like juggling at least 10 balls — and then juggling a hun- dred others besides. To Love Is To Fulfill All Laws Perhaps in His answer to the Pharisee the Savior was giving a simpler way of keeping His command- ments. If we love, we will fulfill the whole law. The first four of the Ten Commandments would not be necessary if everyone loved the Lord. We would have no other gods before Him, nor make any graven images. We would never use His name disrespectfully. Through our love for Him we would want to honor His day and keep it holy. The remaining six commandments would be un- necessary if we loved our fellowmen. Of course, we would honor our parents. We could never harm anyone, much less kill. Hurting another through im- morality or sinful living would be out of the ques- tion. We would not steal, nor lie, nor be covetous. Love would eradicate these evils. Even the greater message of the Sermon on the Mount is embodied in the Law of Love. Anger is iYousuf Karsh, Portraits of Greatness; Thomas Nelson & Sons, New York City, N.Y., 1959; page 178. 474 THE INSTRUCTOR diminished through love. Forgiveness finds its roots in love. Humility is an essence of love. Judging others is an enemy of love. Treasures of heaven are the rewards of love. Love is the Key Every commandment given by our Father in heaven through Jesus Christ was given because of His love for us. Every commandment exists solely for our happiness and joy. In turn, we can receive this happiness and joy only by keeping these com- mandments through love. Love is the key. In his dissertation to the Corinthians Paul ex- plained the all-encompassing nature of love. (I Cor- inthians 13.) Nine virtues he enumerated as neces- sary in keeping this commandment were recounted by Henry Drummond, nineteenth century theolo- gian, in his essay, The Greatest Thing in the World: 2 Patience, Kindness, Generosity, Humility, Cour- tesy, Unselfishness, Good Temper, Guilelessness, Sincerity — all possessed in their fulness. The greatest men — profound and moving ora- tors, benefactors, intellects, men of faith, prophets, martyrs — are nothing without love. And yet the insignificant, the meek and humble souls of the earth can keep this great commandment. It does not depend on calling or position in life. It rests not on wealth nor intellect. It is not contingent upon esteem nor honor. These virtues can be practiced by every man in every place in life. Since before the days when He gave the Israel- ites the Ten Commandments, God has pointed the way for our happiness and well-being. He has given us ". . . precept upon precept; line upon line . . . here a little, and there a little." (Isaiah 28:10.) But the one great whole — the great commandment — is Love. If we can learn and live this command- ment, undertaking every action and assignment, every communication and conflict, under its in- fluence, then surely our hour of perfection will come. For Love never faileth. 2 See Henry Drummond, The Greatest Thing In The World; James Pott and Company, New York, 1890; pages 20, 21. Library File Reference: LOVE. A REMARKABLE MEETING (Concluded from page 473.) About 12:30 the train stopped at Haifa. I car- ried my satchels into the baggage room and left them a moment while I looked around to inquire if a ship were in the harbor bound for Beyroute, and lo turn- ing around I was suddenly face to face with the men whom I have hoped and prayed and longed to meet — Bros. McKay and Cannon — they came on the same train from Ludd, passed within a few feet of me there but we did not see each other. We were each just ready to leave for different hotels, and 2 minutes time would likely have separated us alto- gether. We all thanked the Lord for the pleasant meeting. 13 .. . The three missionaries knew "that our coming together was the direct result of divine interposi- tion." 14 Booth's prolonged delay in Italy because of financial difficulties, McKay's decision to travel by train, Cannon's failure to make hotel reservations — each of these acts inspired by the Lord — resulted in an important meeting at Haifa. The Successful Conclusion On November 7, the missionaries left Haifa and traveled to Aleppo. That evening they held a meet- ing ". . . as the Saints had not had such a privilege for a long time, especially of meeting and seeing and ls Booth Diary, November 4, 1921. u David O. McKay, Cherished Experiences; page 83. hearing an Apostle of the Lord." 15 That same eve- ning, Elder David 0. McKay organized the Arme- nian Mission — the few Church members were over- joyed. The following day the group, drove to Aintab to meet with the Saints. Booth's diary states: We listened to a string of heart-rending tales incident to the Great War and especially pertain- ing to the cruel deportation of the Armenians . . . McKay offered a special strong prayer for the de- liverance of the poor Christians. 16 At Aintab, 80 miles northwest of Aleppo, a small remnant of the Church had survived the atrocities of the First World War; now the survivors faced possible annihilation at the hands of the Turks. The Turks had threatened to massacre every Arme- nian after the French government withdrew its troops from Aintab. The 35 Church members had feared for their lives until the missionaries arrived; the Saints eagerly and lovingly embraced the Lord's servants. The Church leaders made arrange- ments to transport all the Saints to Aleppo, and a dedicated Joseph Booth took charge and assisted in their successful exodus. ^Booth Diary, November 7, 1921. ie Booth Diary, November 8, 1921. Library File Reference: McKAY, DAVID O. DECEMBER 1967 475 WHEN faced with questions which require an- swers of great wisdom, or those which phi- losophers have pondered for centuries, ask a child. Children begin at the beginning. In order to have open conversations with chil- dren, whether in class or at home, the children must trust you. You must trust and respect them and their ideas. They must know that you value their ideas. Two small children who have been sent to our home to live a portion of their lives helped in the writing of this article. We sat down together for one of our famous conversation times, and we talked about prayer. Their conversations with their Heav- enly Father reflect this knowledge about Him. The verbal explorations of our six-year-old proved helpful to him in thinking through some of the reasons for our form of prayer: "It would be helpful to Heavenly Father if we could write down all the things we are thankful for and all the bless- ings we need. After we say the words, they are gone. How can Heavenly Father remember so many words? But to write our prayers wouldn't work! He'd be so busy reading all the messages, and little children who can't write yet would be left out. I guess Heavenly Father told us to talk to Him so He could hear from all of His children. He promised us that He would listen." At a .very early age, President David O. McKay knew that his Father in heaven listened to prayers from His children. He wrote: When I was a very young child in the home of my youth, I was fearful at night. I traced it back to a vivid dream when two Indians came into the yard. I ran to the house for protection, and one of them shot an arrow and hit me in the back. Only a dream, but I felt that blow, and I was very much frightened, for in the dream they entered the house, a tall one, and a smaller one, and sneered and fright- ened Mother. I never got over it. Added to that were Mother's* fears, for when Father was away with the herd, or on some mission, Mother would never retire without looking under the bed; so burglars or men who might enter the house and try to take advantage of Mother and the young children were real to me. Whatever the condition, I was very frightened. One night I could not sleep, and I thought I heard noises around the house. Mother was in the other room. Thomas E. by my side was sleeping soundly. I became terribly wrought in my feelings, and I de- cided to pray as my parents had taught me. I thought I could pray only by getting out of bed and kneeling, and that was a terrible test. But (For Course 3, lessons of February 4 and 11, "Our Individual Prayers and 'Our Family Prayers"; for Course 5, lessons of February 4 and 11, "There Are Many Times When We Pray" and Our Heavenly Father Answers Our Prayers"; for Course 7, lessons of December 17 and 31, "What Is Prayer?" and "Why We Pray"- to support family home evening lesson 10; and of general interest.) The five-year-old is a bundle of independence be- cause he is a bundle of faith. He is grateful for this faith and expresses it in many ways. His definition of prayer might be — *C PRAYER IS TO CLOSE YOUR EYES AND THINK by June Lacey Robinson* I did finally bring myself to get out of bed and kneel and pray to God to protect Mother and the family. And a voice, speaking as clearly to me as mine is to you, said, "Don't be afraid. Nothing will hurt you." Where it came from, what it was, I am not saying. You may judge. To me it was a direct answer. 1 President McKay, as our prophet, prays to our Father in heaven often and depends on Him for many answers to our problems. A five-year-old child seems to have this same understanding. He is a bundle of independence be- cause he is full of faith — faith in himself, faith in his Heavenly Father's care. He is grateful for this faith and expresses it in many ways. If you listen carefully to the prayers of a five- year-old, you might hear: "I'm thankful for the streets that I can cross now." "I'm thankful for all the friends that like me so much." "I'm thankful that my garden is growing." "I'm thankful for my beautiful new shoes." "I'm thankful for my loose tooth." *David O. McKay, Pathways To Happiness; Bookcraft, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, 1957; pages 227, 228. See also Gospel Ideals, page 524. *June Lacey Robinson teaches gifted children, a project con- nected with Stanford University and the Norman C Stone Founda- tion. She was first-grade-level chairman in the Palo Alto schools a reading specialist, and teacher trainer for Head Start teachers Her present Church positions include stake and ward Primary music director in Palo Alto Ward, Palo Alto (California) Stake. She has been MIA stake activity counselor, Sunday School teacher, ward chorister, and Sunday School chorister. She attended Utah State University (B.A., 1955). She and her husband, Phil Robinson, have two children. 99 476 THE I NSTRUCTOR Art by Dale Kilbourn. If a five-year-old is asking to be released from a feeling of fear, he might say: "Please bless my teacher so she'll like me." "Please help those other kids to be nice to me." "Please help me pour my milk without spilling it." It would seem that a five-year-old is expressing thanks for all his abilities and the things he is al- lowed to do, and at the same time he is asking for support and for the way to be opened so that he can grow and fulfill his calling in life. Are his basic con- cerns much different from those of adults? PRAYER IS . . . (Directly quoted from several five-year-olds) Prayer is to close your eyes and think. Prayer is to bow your head and close your eyes while someone else talks. Prayer is when you quietly yell for Heavenly Father to help you. Prayer is to tell Heavenly Father thanks for such a nice earth. Prayer is to thank Him for all of our food and ask Him to bless it. Prayer is to tell Heavenly Father that you are afraid and wait while He protects you. Prayer is to ask Him to help you do something that you think you can't do. Prayer is the talking we do when we are almost asleep. Library File Reference: PRAYER. DECEM BER 1967 477 Returning from service in the British South Mission, Elder Richard S. Boyer contemplates that the great obstacles the missionaries faced 130 years ago, or even at the time of Christ, are the same today. These obstacles he calls . . . BARRIERS TO FAITH Dztr^afi by Richard S. Boyer' "Ladies and Gentlemen. Welcome aboard Flight 720, nonstop to Salt Lake City. Our flying time will be two hours and forty minutes. I'll give you our flight plan once we are airborne. Until then, please observe the 'No Smoking' and 'Fasten Seat Belt' signs during takeoff. Thank you." I can hardly believe that two years have gone by since I heard a similar announcement, when I left home to serve as a missionary in Great Britain. I was thrilled to be called to labor in the land of my forefathers, and I felt it a privilege to follow in the footsteps of my great, great-grandfather, who was one of the first seven missionaries to that choice land. Things have changed considerably since then. I was in London only hours ago and will be with my family tonight. This is in marked contrast to the months of travel undertaken by those first mis- sionaries of the Church of Christ. However, many features of missionary work have not changed great- ly. I am convinced that the greatest obstacles mis- sionaries faced 130 years ago, or even at the time of Christ, are the same today. These obstacles I call "barriers to faith." My whole mission was aimed at overcoming these obstacles so that I could be effective in the work of the Lord. Conquering these barriers seems to me to have three phases, which I would like to discuss briefly. The Key to Faith in Oneself "As he [a man] thinketh in his heart, so is he," wrote Solomon. (Proverbs 23:7.) In developing faith, the first barrier I remember facing was within my- self. The key to gaining faith in oneself is to dis- (For Course 9, lesson of December 10, "A Latter-day Saint Is Prayerful"; for Course 13, lesson of February 11, "The Return of the Missionaries"; for Course 15, lesson of January 7, "The Roman Empire"; for Course 27, lesson of January 14, "Servants of God"; for Course 29, lesson of February 11, "Authority in the Ministry"; and of general interest.) ♦Richard S. Boyer is presently enrolled as a sophomore at the University of Utah in pre-medicine, and is affiliated with Sigma Chi fraternity. In 1964 he graduated from East High School where he was student body president, and a Sterling scholar. He served in British South Mission and is now a Sunday School teacher and home teacher in Monument Park Ward, Monument Park Stake, Salt Lake City. cipline the Spirit by practicing obedience and con- trol. "He that ruleth his spirit [is better] than he that taketh a city." (Proverbs 16:32.) Getting up at 6:00 a.m., having study classes, knocking on doors, riding bicycles, and experiencing disappoint- ments — all these help a missionary overcome his selfish and negative attitudes. One week we knocked on doors for hours every- day without getting into a home. On Saturday morning it rained, but we decided to ignore the rain and go again to the streets we had covered during the week, hoping to find some honest person we had missed. That morning we were invited into six homes, and we returned to teach a lady who was later baptized and who now is a good member of the Church. One evening we decided to take a new route home. We went down a short street that the missionaries had not tracted earlier. Hav- ing a few minutes to spare, we decided to knock on some doors. Only one lady showed any interest. She invited us to come back later and meet her husband because she thought he had a special reason to be interested. We cancelled our appointments and re- turned to find that the husband recently had been converted to Christianity by a remarkable dream, and now they were both looking for the true church. They soon accepted baptism and are now preparing to have their young son sealed to them in the Lon- don Temple. The Lord is concerned with His work and wants us to succeed, but we must put ourselves in a position to receive His guidance. Only in doing this can we trust our decisions and actions, and thus develop faith in ourselves. Faith in Other People The next great barrier to faith is the lack of faith in and love for other people. President McKay chal- lenged us when he said: 478 THE I NSTRUCTOR The noblest aim in life is to strive to live to make other lives better and happier. Browning sounds the keynote in Paracelsus when he says: "There is an answer to the passionate longings of the heart for fulness, and I knew it. And the answer is this: Live in all things outside yourself by love, and you will have joy. That is the life of God; it ought to be our life. In Him it is accomplished and perfect; but in all created things, it is a lesson learned slowly and against difficulty." 1 It is often easy to love those who love us and are most like us, but to learn to love and under- stand people whose background, temperament, and convictions are different from our own is not so easy. Of this Edwin Markham wrote: He drew a circle that shut me out: — Heretic, rebel, a thing to flout. But Love and I had the wit to win: We drew a circle that took him in. A missionary must learn to have faith in all people, as children of the same Father in heaven and to respect their right to hear the gospel. As we were working with one choice family, we reached a "stymie" with the father. We could not seem to interest him. One night when we arrived at the home, this father was playing with his son's model road-race set, and we joined in the fun. We played for nearly an hour. Later, when we began the mis- sionary lesson, we were no longer foreigners or mis- sionaries, but friends who were interested in him and his family. He listened, became interested in the gospel, and he and his wife and son were bap- tized. I am also impressed with the story of the lady whom the missionaries taught for a long time before she could be baptized. She had been ready for bap- tism for a number of months, but no one had been able to get her husband's consent. One evening a wise and sincere missionary went to their home determined to secure permission for the wife's bap- tism. The elder visited at length with the husband, showing concern for his interests and trying to un- derstand his motives for opposition. Finally, when the elder was in a position of confidence, he boldly invited the husband to his wife's baptism. The husband declined the offer to attend, but he gave permission for her to join the Church. This sister can attend only Relief Society, but she has the joy of membership in the true Church because a mis- sionary had faith in the basic goodness of the hus- band. The concept of loving people and developing faith in them is best described, perhaps, by the greatest missionary of all time. Paul wrote: For though I be free from all men, yet have I *David O. McKay, Gospel Ideals; The Improvement Era, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1953; page 134. made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. ... 7 am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some. (I Corinthians 9: 19, 22.) To Know God The most profound statement I have ever read is found in the writings of the Prophet Joseph Smith: It is the first principle of the Gospel to know for a certainty the Character of God and to know that we may converse with Him as one man con- verses with another. . . .' The ultimate step in overcoming the barriers to faith is to narrow the schism between ourselves and our God. One of the most significant experiences of my whole life took place when I attempted vocal, private prayer for the first time. It is strange that in the privacy of my own room at home, and in the many prayers I had offered night and morning, I had never thought to offer one of those private prayers aloud. One night after my companion retired to bed, I went downstairs, knelt down, pon- dered a few moments on the communication I want- ed to achieve, and simply said, "My Father in heaven. ..." I paused for what seemed like hours, though only a few seconds elapsed, because I knew for the first time, more surely than I had ever known in my life, that He was listening. Since that time I have tried not to miss the privilege of vocal, pri- vate prayer every day. When moving to another town, my companion and I decided to fast and pray for a certain num- ber of convert baptisms. We did not know how many baptisms to ask for, but before we completed the fast, we knew we should ask for twenty honest people to join the Church during the summer. We continued to pray for that goal. We worked hard and were blessed with success, but we learned that we should not place time limits on the Lord. It took a little longer than the summer's end to reach our goal. But one climactic evening, after the bap- tism of a family of three, I joyfully put my arm around my companion and said, "Elder, remember when we fasted and prayed for twenty baptisms? Well, those three tonight were eighteen, nineteen, and twenty." Discuss It with the Lord I recall the words of my brother-in-law as I en- tered the mission field: "Remember that the Lord knows what to say and how to say it. But He won't force anyone to do it His way. We can do it anyway we please, and He won't interfere. But if a (Concluded on page 481.) 2 Joseph Fielding Smith, Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, Deseret Book Company, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1958; page 345. DECEMBER 1967 479 ;. ■ ■ ■ I CAN SLEEP WHEN THE WIND BLOWS by Reed H. Bradford The peace and confidence that come from knowing one has tried to do his best and from feeling that he has the approval of the Lord are as great a blessing as one can have. And when he was entered into a ship, his dis- ciples followed him. And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. (Matthew 8:23-26.) Some years ago President J. Reuben Clark told the following story: It was at the annual county fair, and farmers from far and near had come to exhibit their harvest and to engage hired hands for the next year. One prosperous farmer came across a husky lad and asked: "What can you do?" The answer: "I can sleep when the wind blows." With such an answer the farmer turned and started to walk away, perturbed at the impudence of the man. But he turned again and asked: "What did you say?" (For Course 17, lesson of February 4, "King Noah and Abinadi"; for Course 19, lessons of February 11 and 18, "Knowledge Concern- ing Eternal Nature of Man"; for Course 25, lessons of January 14 and February 18, "Return Unto Me" and "A Promise To Be Kept"; for Course 27, lesson of January 21, "Faith in Jesus Christ"; for Course 29, lesson of February 25, "Law of Eternal Progression"; to support family home evening lessons 17 and 22; and of general interest.) "I can sleep when the wind blows." "Well," said the farmer, "I don't know what that means, but I'm going to hire you anyway." Winter came, followed by the usual spring, and the new hired hand didn't show any particular signs of extra work, but filled the duties of his calling as most others would have done. And then one night in early summer the farmer noticed a strong wind rising. He dashed to the hired hand's quarters to arouse him to see that all the stock was properly cared for. There he found the hired hand asleep. He was about to awaken him, when he remembered the boy's strange statement. He went to his barns and there found all his animals in their places, and the doors and windows securely locked. He found that the haystack had been crisscrossed with heavy wires, anticipating such a night, and that it would weather the storm. Then the farmer knew what his hired man meant when he gave as his only qualification, "I can sleep when the wind blows." 1 There are many trials in life, and it is often difficult to find solutions to our problems. Some of us despair; others seek an escape. Some resort to alcohol and drugs. Some engage in activities which have some value but which do not permit any solu- tions to their troubles. Those who follow these paths have never fully realized that life was meant to be a challenge, an opportunity. x Adapted from Albert L. Zobell, Jr., Story Teller's Scrapbook; Bookcraft, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1948; pages 111, 112. Also Church News section, Deseret News, June 18, 1952; page 7. 480 THE ! NSTRUCTOR Thirty-sixth in a Series To Support the Family Home Evening Program. The challenge lies in our being able to choose between different types of satisfactions. The Lord has indicated that we should seek those that will help us to become like Him. He recognizes that we must spend some time in pursuit of material things such as food, shelter, and clothing; but He has asked us to remember the eternal things: Seek not for riches but for wisdom, and behold, the mysteries of God shall be unfolded unto you, and then shall you be made rich. Behold, he that hath eternal life is rich. (Doctrine and Covenants 6:7.) The opportunity is to learn from our earthly ex- periences: // thou art called to pass through tribulation . . . if the billowing surge conspire against thee; if fierce winds become thine enemy; if the heavens gather blackness, and all the elements combine to hedge up the way . . . know thou, my son, that all these things shall give thee experience, and shall be for thy good. The Son of Man hath descended below them all. Art thou greater than he? (Doctrine and Covenants 122:5,7,8.) Among the many great gifts God offers to us are the principles which He knows must be under- stood, accepted, and lived if we are to attain the destiny He has foreseen for each of us from the beginning: . . . Behold, I am Jesus Christ. . . . In me shall all mankind have light, and that eternally, even they who shall believe on my name; and they shall become my sons and my daughters. (Ether 3:14.) Understanding these principles is a continuing process. If we honestly and regularly engage in this process, we will continue to grow intellectually and spiritually. But we must do more than this. We must demonstrate integrity in trying to apply them in our lives. And if we do this, the gift of the Holy Ghost will become meaningful to us. We will have the truthfulness of the principles of the gospel con- firmed in our souls. And I give unto you a commandment, that ye shall forsake all evil and cleave unto all good, that ye shall live by every word which proceedeth forth out of the mouth of God. For he will give unto the faithful line upon line, precept upon precept; and I will try you and prove you herewith. (Doc- trine and Covenants 98:11, 12.) Yes, the tribulations of life may be many. Some goals we may never reach, not through any fault of our own but simply because some of the world's op- portunities are available only to a few. Or we may be called upon to make sacrifices for others. And sometimes we progress simply by changing goals. Yet, if we have tried to do our best, and to under- stand, accept, and implement the principles taught by our Heavenly Father, we will be true to the chal- lenge and opportunity of life. We will also ex- perience a deep sense of security, peace, and joy from within. We will sleep when the wind blows. Library File Reference: PEACE. BARRIERS TO FAITH (Concluded from page 479.) man can discuss the work with the Lord to the point that he thinks like the Lord, then he becomes truly the mouthpiece of the Lord in the area of his respon- sibility. Your words can be the word of the Lord in your work, just as surely as the Prophet speaks the word of the Lord to the entire Church. But how seldom does a missionary arrive at this sacred point!" 3 Right now the spirit of the mission field is "be- lieve and baptize," based on the scripture, ". . . If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth." (Mark 9:23.) I am thankful for my mission and the challenges presented by the "faith barriers"; for when these barriers are broken, prayer becomes meaningful, work is a joy, obedience is a privilege, and success becomes a realization. I am grateful that there are a number of people in Eng- land today who are not the same as they were two years ago. Their lives are filled with greater pur- pose, joy, and endurance, partly due to our efforts. s Letter to the author from J. Fielding Nelson, July 5, 1965. Brother Nelson is now President of the French East Mission. Library File Reference: MISSIONARY WORK. DECEMBER 1967 481 Basic Elements Prevailed Art by Dak Kilbourn. The Sacrament: COMMUNION OF BELIEVERS by H. George Bickerstaff As the sacramental service concludes and the officiating priesthood holders resume their seats, do you sometimes reflect momentarily on other places and ages in which the Lord's Supper was ad- ministered — among the first century Christians, for example, or the American saints of the first two hundred years or so after Christ? Do you wonder how the sacrament was administered to them? (For Course 7, lesson of January 21, "Church Prayers"; for Course 15, lessons of March 24 and 31, "The Church of Christ in the First Century" and "The Church of Christ on the American Continent"; for Course 19, lesson of January 28, "Latter-day Con- tributions to Understanding of God"; for Course 27, lesson of Feb- ruary 18, "The Sacrament"; for Course 29, lesson of February 4, "The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper"; and of general interest.) The New Testament gives little detail about the sacrament, beyond its institution by the Savior (Luke 22:19-20) and Paul's comments on it (I Corinthians 11:23-25.) In the apostolic period, when so much was new and communication between apostles and distant branches was inadequate, prob- ably the worship services in the Church were not everywhere uniform in detail; but the essential ele- ments were always there. Everywhere the same spirit of love and reverence prevailed; hymns, prayers, exhortation, and testimony-bearing were features of the services; and, in keeping with the Lord's com- mand (Luke 22:19, 20; I Corinthians 11:24, 25), the sacrament of the Lord's Supper was celebrated in remembrance of his sacrifice. (See Acts 2:42.) Speaking of the sacramental service in the first century, Mosheim writes: . . . So much bread and wine as were requisite for the Lord's supper were set apart and conse- crated by prayer, offered up by the presiding min- ister alone, the people responding amen. The dis- tributors of the sacred supper were the deacons. . . .* Nonmembers of the Church were not given the sac- rament, but little children were. The simplicity of the worship services was reflected in the partaking of the sacrament. Each partaker received the bread in his right hand, the wine being presented by the deacon in a cup. The sacrament was the highlight of a deeply spiritual service. 2 About the middle of the second century, Justin Martyr wrote a description of the sacramental ser- vice as he knew it: . . . There is . . . brought to the president of the brethren bread and a cup of wine mixed with water; and he taking them, gives praise and glory to the Father of the universe, through the name of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, and offers thanks at considerable length for our being counted worthy to receive these things at His hands. And when he has concluded the prayers and thanksgivings, all the people present express their assent by saying Amen. This word Amen answers in the Hebrew lan- guage to . . . [so be it] . And when the president has given thanks, and all the people have expressed their assent, those who are called by us deacons give to each of those present to partake of the bread and wine mixed with water over which the thanksgiving was pronounced. . . . s As we would expect, then, what has come down to us about sacramental services in the early Church compares closely with what we do in the restored 1 Mosheim, Institutes of Ecclesiastical History, century 1, chapter 4, paragraph 7. 2 James L. Barker, Apostasy from the Divine Church; Deseret News Press, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1960; page 531. *First Apology of Justin Martyr, chapter LXV. (See The Ante- Nicene Fathers, Vol. 1, Erdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan.) 482 THE I NSTRUCTOR Church of Jesus Christ today. Prayer over the em- blems, the participants' response of amen, the par- taking only by little children and by baptized and confirmed adults, the passing of the sacrament by the deacons- — it is all familiar to us through our modern services. Any differences are superficial and are mainly explained by differing customs and avail- abilities. For example, the early Christians used the communal cup (we did formerly in the restored Church) and we now use individual cups. They used wine (apparently mixing it with water, at least at some periods), and we use water — in accordance with Doctrine and Covenants 27: 1-4. All indications point to an identity in basic matters and particu- larly in the simplicity of the sacramental service, its commemorative nature, and the deeply spiritual import of the proceedings. This identity likewise is apparent when early and restored Church prac- tices in this ordinance are compared with those the Savior personally established on the American con- tinent. (See 3 Nephi 18; 20:1-9; Moroni 4, 5; 6:5-6.) Jesus Gave the Same Instructions Apart from the question of authority to perform the ordinance, perhaps the most significant single item about the sacramental service is the prayers offered. That these were not to be left to individual discretion but were always to be the same specific words is clear from the Savior's revealing them in detail to the saints in ancient America (see Moroni 4 and 5) and to the Church today (see Doctrine and Covenants 20:76-79). In each instance they were part of much counsel and commandment re- specting doctrine arid practice. The Savior ministered to His apostles in Pales- tine for forty days after His resurrection, ". speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God." (Acts 1:2-3.) It is inconceivable that, knowing the problems the apostles would have to meet in the rapidly expanding Church, He would not have given them instructions on how to set the Church in order, as He was to do shortly after that to the Nephite Twelve and then to the Prophet Joseph Smith in our day. And would not the sac- ramental prayers necessarily have been included in those instructions? No doubt they were, even though they are not contained in the New Testa- ment records as we have them today. Old Documents Bear Witness Evidence of this appears in an interesting study referred to by James L. Barker in these words: "Of these early centuries, there is no formula of the sacramental prayer that has come down to the present. Did the Savior Himself or through His Apostles give a set form for the prayer used in blessing the sacrament? If He did, what was the primitive formula out of which the various forms used in Christian church services grew? Mourret, the learned Catholic church historian, says that this question seemed impossible of solution until recent years, but that the discovery of precious doc- uments and long and patient work on the part of Dom Paul Cagin seems to have brought an answer. "Cagin compared five of these documents with each other, among them Latin fragments from Ver- ona, and 'The Testament of our Lord,' a Syriac manuscript published for the first time in 1899. He observed wherein these five independent documents agree and wherein they disagree. The disagreements represent additions to the original prayer; the things wherein they agree go back to a common source. Concerning this common source, Cagin writes: " 'Whether it be, moreover, from the precept and example of the Lord, or from the concerted prescrip- tion of the Apostles and from their common initial practice, or from the authority of their leader and his first successors, that this mysterious unanimity proceeds and, at so early a date, so universal in all the forms, it must have come from somewhere, and it can come only from one or the other of these three sources.' [Quoted from Paul Cagin, L'Eucharistia, Canon Primitif de la Messe, ou Formulaire essentiel et primitif de toutes les Liturgies, p. 30.] "Concerning each of the following points, and no others, he says the testimony of all of the witnesses (documents) is in complete agreement: I. Memores igitur mortis et resurrectionis ejus Mindful therefore of the death and resurrec- tion of him II. Offerimus tibi panem et calicem gratias tibi agentes We offer to thee bread and cup thanks to thee expressing III. Quia nos dignos habuisti Because us worthy you considered IV. Adstare coran te et tibi ministrare To stand before thee and thee to serve V. et petimus and we ask VI. ut mittas Spiritum tuum Sanctum that thou sendest Spirit thy Holy VII. super oblationem sanctae Ecclesiae upon (the) offering of thy Holy Church VIII. in unum congregans des omnibus (sanctis — at end of line below) in one gathering give to all saints (Concluded on following page.) DECEM BER 1967 483 THE SACRAMENT: COMMUNION OF BELIEVERS (Concluded from preceding page.) IX. qui percipiunt Sanctis who partake (of it) X. in repletionem Spiritus Sancti, etc. in fulness of Holy Spirit, etc." 4 The sacramental prayer the Nephite Twelve were given as the blessing on the bread (which is identi- cal with that given for our use today) is as follows: God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this bread to the souls of all those who partake of it; that they may eat in remembrance of the body of thy Son, and witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son, and always remember him, and keep his commandments which he hath given them, that they may always have his Spirit to be with them. Amen. (Moroni 4:3.) In his book, James L. Barker compares relevant parts of this prayer with the elements common to the five documents Paul Cagin analyzed. The result is shown in the following extract: 5 FROM CAGIN'S ANALYSIS Mindful therefore of his death and resurrection Because thou hast con- sidered us worthy to stand before thee and to serve give to all the saints con- gregating together and who partake (of the sacrament) a fullness of Thy Holy Spirit FROM THE BOOK OF MORMON That they may eat in re- membrance of the body of thy Son and witness unto thee . . . that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son and always . . . keep His commandments that they may always have His Spirit to be with them. The Book of Mormon Testifies The points of agreement between the five docu- ments clearly demonstrate a common source for those points. As Barker goes on to suggest, the agreement of the sixth source — the Book of Mor- mon prayer — also points to the same source. We in the Church know that source to be Jesus Christ. Coincidentally, but significantly, in 1830 when the Book of Mormon was first published, Joseph *James L. Barker, The Protestors of Christendom; Zion's, Inde- pendence, Missouri, 1946; pages 54, 55. s Protestors of Christendom, page 56. It is a privilege to partake of the sacrament. Janet Smith and her grandmother, Ethel R. Carlquist, receive it from Mark Shoenfeld in Bonneville Ward, Salt Lake City, Utah. Smith could not have gained from any historical sources then available any idea of the sacramental prayers of the apostolic age. Thus the agreement of the prayers as shown above is, in effect, an evi- dence of Joseph Smith's prophetic calling and of the divine origin of the Book of Mormon. When we partake worthily of the sacrament we are genuinely a part of the communion of all Christ's true disciples who have worshiped since that upper- room meal in Jerusalem two thousand years ago. The thought should increase our joy in the sacra- ment. So should the promise of the Savior: . . . For the hour cometh that I will drink of the fruit of the vine with you on the earth, and with Moroni . . . And also with Elias . . . and also John . . . and also Elijah . . . and also with Joseph and Jacob, and Isaac, and Abraham . . . and also with Michael, or Adam . . . And also with Peter, and James, and John . . . and also with all those whom my Father hath given me out of the world. (Doc- trine and Covenants 27:5-7, 9-12, 14.) May we live to be worthy to partake of the sacrament together on that great occasion. Library File Reference: SACRAMENT. 484 THE INSTRUCTOR 161 lO Where Jesus Taught by Lorin F. Wheelwright Jesus taught wherever men would listen. His message did not depend upon mortar and brick or highly sophis- ticated equipment. His classroom was as common as the great outdoors, a home, a temple, a synagogue, or a boat. His greatest sermon was preached from a low mountain, yet his greatest test of that sermon was enacted from a cross. His power to convert the commonplace into a laboratory of learning is one more evidence of his genius and his divinity. In December of 1965 we visited some of those com- mon places that have now become enshrined. We stood where he stood, walked his pathways, and sat where he sat. We felt the holiness of his presence, even after 2,000 years, because in our minds echoed his voice and in our hearts surged the feeling of peace and goodness that he radiated. Come with me along the west shore of Galilee where Jesus loved to meet his friends. Heart-shaped and rim- med with hills, this "classroom of Christ" still invites the visitor to bask in the warmth of its subsea-level sun. A gentle breeze sucked down from the hills can suddenly change to a violent storm — like the one which trapped the fishermen on the lake and caused them to cry out, "Save us, lest we perish!" This same placid lake could be- friend the fisherman in whose boat the great teacher might stand to talk with his friends on the shore. Or it could carry the chill of an early morning, leaving a small group huddled around a fire, baking fish for breakfast and sadly awaiting a welcome word from a friend. A few miles northward from Tiberias we came to some hills on the west shore. Here, rocks seem to have withstood the erosion of the storms and the cracking heat of the sun. Little streams have carried away the softer soil, leaving natural outcroppings on which a multitude could sit while someone might talk with them. We found such a place. Our guide said it is likely the place where Jesus told his parable of the man who built his house upon the rock. If this were the place, Jesus could point nearby to show the instability of shifting sands. Also nearby is the place where hungry disciples were fed from two small fishes and five loaves. This is the area where Jesus called and ordained his apostles. After his death, when these same apostles gathered on the day of Pentecost, they were identified as Galilaeans. And those who heard them "were all amazed and marvelled." (Acts 2:7.) It was here at Galilee where a miracle of religious education transformed fishermen into fishers of men. My impressions of the area left me troubled by the arrogance of lesser men who demand so much in facility and equipment to teach their students. I have heard complaints long and loud that unless such-and-such a room is refinished, equipped with new furniture, and the number of students reduced to an absolute minimum, the teacher cannot teach. Long before such formal de- mands, the greatest teacher of all painted verbal pictures where there were no blackboards. He picked heads of wheat and blew away the chaff where there were no motion pictures or wall charts. He spoke to a little child held on his knee and taught compassion where there were no clinics, and he eased the pain of the sick beside pools where there were no hospitals. He was a genius at making the most of the commonplace. His was an example of breathing meaning into the meaningless and love into the despised. He made of a little barren patch of hillside a symbol of "the mount." He converted the restless sea into an aquarium of miracles, and he told stories of the passerby that transformed this little spot into a world stage of man's eternal struggle. As we walked over the ground, my mind went back to the days of the merchants and caravans which traversed this same area in Jesus' time. I thought of the precious gems they carried and displayed. Today we think of the diamond as the most valuable. In Jesus' time, it was the pearl. In the marketplaces of the settlements along the lake, these far-ranging merchants would stop and tell their tales of daring and adventure. We can easily imagine how one such merchant told of his quest for the most precious pearl of all. We can see him carefully un- folding it from his bosom and commanding the wide- eyed amazement of his listeners. We can hear him com- pare it to the pearls of great price owned by the Queen of Sheba, each valued at more than $400,000. And we can appreciate with him its rare value and beauty. We can understand why he would scoff at the idea of parting with it. Here is more than a worldly treasure — here is his life's passion, his quest, the meaning of his career. Would he "cast it before swine"? The thought is abhor- rent. (Concluded on opposite back of picture.) WHERE JESUS TAUGHT by Galilee Photograph by Lorin F. Wheelwright Where Jesus Taught (Concluded from opposite back of picture.) It was here that Jesus caught the overtones of such tales and converted the people's hunger for treasure to his own spiritual purpose. It was here that he said: . . . The kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls: Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it. (Matthew 13:45, 46.) It was here he said: Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, . , . and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away. (Matthew 13:47, 48 J It was here, pointing to the land around him, that he said: Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field. (Matthew 13:44.) Land, nets, treasure, good fish, and pearls — these were his visual aids. They existed underfoot, at hand, and in stories of the marketplace. He indelibly pictured them for his listeners. When we came to Capernaum, several miles further up the shore, we found ruins of a synagogue where tradi- tion says Jesus taught. With the normal discount of un- certainty which surrounds all pinpointing, two thousand years after the fact, one can still visualize a place where Jesus worshiped — similar, if not identical, to the one where we stood. I often wondered how a layman like Jesus could teach in a synagogue. I have since learned that the synagogue was under the control of the laity. The elders served as rulers both in religious and civil affairs, but their privileges in the synagogue were limited to giving the blessing. They selected members of the con- gregation to give prayers, read lessons, and deliver ser- mons. "The four chief parts of the synagogue worship were, (1) the reading of the Law (2) of the prophets, (3) the sermon, and (4) the prayers." 1 This explains how Jesus was able to use the synagogue to teach his gospel, and also why some of the elders grew restless and resentful of his powers to influence the people. When they saw him in action in their own places of worship, 1 A Commentary on the Holy Bible, edited by J. R. Dummelow, Macmillan Company, 1924; page 635. they sensed the danger to their own entrenched positions from one who could ask searching questions and give pointed answers. Near the synagogue we came to a cluster of stones under a tree, beside the sea of Galilee. It was here that I could see most clearly — with only a hint of imagina- tion — a teacher surrounded by a group of close friends. Although, as I later learned, in more formal teaching settings a teacher in Palestine would sit while his listen- ers stood, I could not help but feel that here, after many hours of hard work, the weary fishermen did sit and rest their bodies while their minds soared. Under the fasci- nating spell of the great storyteller their hours would pass. When we came upon this natural setting I thought that here was truly a holy classroom. I caught a glimpse of his apostles urging him to ex- plain further what he had told the Roman centurian in Capernaum, only a few steps away. What did he mean by the words, "I say unto you, that many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abra- ham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness. . ."? (Matthew 8:11 12.) And to the centurian, "I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel"? (Matthew 8:10.) Then Jesus' apostles must have realized that no position of power nor heritage of birth qualified one to enter the kingdom of heaven. But faith — faith is the visa required to enter heaven. Such were the lessons taught in Capernaum by the sea. I sat on one of these old familiar stones. I felt part of the circle where Jesus taught his friends. I heard again his words about the kingdom of heaven. And a hymn flooded my mind — one that I heard often, singing with- in, as we visited the holy land. Suddenly it seemed in- tensely true and real: One sweetly solemn thought comes to me o'er and o'er: I am nearer home today Than I've ever been before. 2 2 Hymns — The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, No. 272. For Course 13, lessons of January 7 to 28, "Jesus Finds a New Home," "The Sermon On the Mount," ""The Miracles in Galilee," and "The First Mission- aries"; for Course 25, lesson of January 14, "Return Unto Me"; for Course 27, lesson of January 21, "Faith in Jesus Christ"; to support family home evening lesson 17; and of general interest.) Library File Reference: JESUS CHRIST — SERMONS AND TEACHINGS. 6Z.I1N THE SABBATH DAY IS A HOLY DAY A Flannelboard Story by Marie F. Felt It was in the very beginning when this earth was first created that the Lord God made a day of rest — a Sabbath Day. It was the seventh day. In the first day He made light and separated it from darkness. The time when it is light we call day. The darkness we call night. On the second day He divided the waters so that some would be in one place and some in an- other. On the third day He gathered the waters of the earth into one place so that dry land would appear. The dry land He called "earth," and the waters He called "seas." Then He caused the grass, the fruit trees, and other plants to grow to make the earth more beautiful. On the fourth day God said, "Let there be light ... to divide the day from the night." The light for the night was the moon, and the light for the day was the sun. "He made the stars also." On the fifth day God created great whales and all kinds of fish to live in the waters. He also creat- ed fowls which are birds. Some birds make the world beautiful and help God keep the earth as He wants it to be. For food they eat seeds, bugs, worms, and so forth. He also created ducks, chickens, tur- keys, and others of that kind. These are for us to eat. On the sixth day He created cattle, other ani- mals, and creeping things such as worms and cater- pillars. But the greatest of all His creations was man. He made a man and woman like Himself. This earth that He had created was for them, and all things on it were for their use and happiness. On the seventh day, however, God rested. This was a special day, a day which He blessed as a day of rest. By doing this, He was showing us what is right for us to do every seventh day. [End of Scene /.] During the days of the Prophet Moses, the people (For Course 5, lessons of February 18 and 25, "Sunday Is the Sabbath Day" and "The Sabbath Is the Lord's Special Day"; for Course 11, lesson of February 18, "The Fourth Commandment"; for Course 15, lesson of February 4, "Gentiles Given the Right Hand of Fellowship"; and of general interest.) who were known as the children of Israel were again reminded that the seventh day, or the Sabbath Day, is a holy day, a day of rest from the work of the other six days. Some of the people had to leam this lesson the hard way. They did not believe that the Lord God meant what He said. It was on their journey from the land of Egypt back to their real home in the land of Canaan that they learned this lesson. God knew that food for so many people would be hard for them to find, so He told them that He would provide it while they were in the wilderness. The people called it manna, and it tasted like sweet bread. Every morning the ground was covered with it, and they gathered enough for just one day. On the Sabbath, however, no manna appeared. The people had been told by God that on the sixth day they were to gather enough for two days. Most of the people obeyed, but there were some people who did not. When they went out on the Sabbath day to gather manna there was none to be found, and so that day they were hungry unless someone shared with them. [End of Scene II.] A little later, as the people neared a mountain called Mount Sinai, the Lord God spoke to Moses, the leader of these people. Moses was a prophet and very special to the Lord God. He told Moses to come to the top of the mountain and meet Him there. He then gave Moses ten commandments, or rules, for his people to follow. He would expect the children of Israel to obey these at all times. One of these commandments was about the Sabbath Day. It said — Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: (Continued on following page.) DECEMBER 1967 485 THE SABBATH DAY IS A HOLY DAY (Continued from preceding page.) For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sab- bath day, and hallowed it. (Exodus 20:8-11.) [End of Scene III.] When Jesus was living on the earth, He did many good and kind things for people. He especially liked to be thoughtful and kind on the Sabbath, for it is the Lord's day. One Sabbath day He met a woman who had been ill for 18 years. That is a long time to be ill. He laid His hands on her and blessed her, and im- mediately she was made well. She was very grate- ful to be well again and thanked Jesus over and over for using the power given Him by our Heavenly Father to do this. Some people who saw Jesus heal the woman thought that He should not have done this on the Sabbath day. They said there were six other days wherein Jesus could heal people. Jesus reminded them that on the Sabbath day they gave their animals water to drink, and what He had done for the woman was even more important because He was using the power of God to make someone happy. After listening to the words of Jesus, the people who had objected were ashamed and realized that it was right for Jesus to do what He did. [End of Scene IV.] Many years passed before Joseph Smith lived and became the first prophet and leader of God's Church today. It is the Church to which we belong and is called The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- day Saints. The men who belong to this Church and hold the higher priesthood have the same right and power to act in God's name that Jesus had. All of us are expected to obey all of God's com- mandments, including the one which tells us to re- member the Sabbath Day and keep it holy. Before our pioneers came to the west, many people who were not members did not understand that this was God's true Church; and they were un- kind to those who did belong. They were so unkind that the members in the eastern United States left their homes and most of their belongings and moved out west to the land by the Great Salt Lake. The journey was long and hard. Many people had to walk all the way. Only the old people, the very young, or the sick, were allowed to ride because the rest of the space in the covered wagons had to be used to take food, clothing, bedding, and dishes to the new home. The journey took several months. They would travel for six days, then on Sunday everyone rested, even the oxen which had been pull- ing the covered wagons. While they rested, they held meetings. Here they sang songs of praise and thanksgiving to our Heavenly Father and His Son Jesus Christ. Their leaders gave gospel talks. They told the people what the commandments of the Lord were and ad- vised them to obey these laws at all times. One of these commandments was, of course, to keep the Sabbath Day holy. [End of Scene V.] The final group of brave and courageous pioneers in the first company arrived in the Valley of the the Great Salt Lake on Saturday. Even though it was urgent that they build homes and plant crops, they rested and held religious services on the next day, which was the Sabbath. On Monday, they be- gan to make homes for themselves. They planted crops so that they and those who were coming later would have food to eat. [End of Scene VI.] Just like them, we today are expected to obey God's commandments. We should keep the Sabbath day holy. This means that on Sunday we should not do any work, but should rest from our weekday labors. We should go to church to worship the Lord God, learn more about Him, and let Him know that we love Him. It is also a day to be thoughtful of other people, to visit them, especially our grand- parents and other relatives, and to be as good to them as we can be. Jesus once said, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind." When we keep the Sabbath day holy we are showing that we love Him and are grateful to Him. [End of Epilogue.] How To Present the Flannelboard Story Characters and Props Needed for This Presentation Are: Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. (OT190.) To be used in Scene I. (To enrich this scene part of the figures from flannelboard story "What Heavenly Father Gives Us," The Instructor, November, 1962, may be used. The teacher can make simple drawings of the sun, moon, or other figures necessary.) Moses, the prophet for the children of Israel. (OT191.) To be used in Scenes II and III. Some of the children of Israel looking for food on a Sun- day morning. (OT192.) To be used in Scene II. (To en- rich this scene use flannelboard story "The Israelites and the Sabbath," The Instructor, March, 1962.) Tablets of the Ten Commandments. (OT193.) To be used in Scene III. Mount Sinai. To be used in Scene III. (Make a simple drawing and color.) (To enrich Scene III use other groups of Bible figures for the children of Israel watch- ing as Moses shows them the Ten Commandments; also to supplement use, "Great Words To Live By," picture story, The Instructor, December, 1964.) Jesus with His hands on the head of a woman who is bent over due to a long illness. A group of people watching Jesus. (NT179.) To be used in Scene V. A family of pioneers traveling west to their new home. The driver walks beside the wagon. (CH143.) To be used in Scene V. Pioneers are seen on the Sabbath day worshiping in a religious service. (CH144.) To be used in Scenes V and VI. 486 TH E INSTRUCTOR Order of Episodes: Scene I: Scenery: An outdoor scene showing the beautiful world that the»Lord God created. Action: Adam and Eve are placed in the garden. Scene II: Scenery: An outdoor desert scene. Action: Moses is seen watching the people of Israel who have come out of their tents on the Sabbath morning to find food, and there is none. Scene III: Scenery: An outdoor scene with Mount Sinai in the background. Action: The children of Israel watch as Moses shows them the tablets of the Ten Commandments. Moses explains the laws. Scene IV: Scenery: A synagogue in the land of Palestine. Action: Jesus with His hand on a woman who is ill. She is bent over as a result of the illness. The ruler of the synagogue and a small group of people watch as Jesus heals her. Their faces indicate sur- prise that Jesus would heal on the Sabbath day. Scene V: Scenery: An outdoor scene. Action: Pioneers travel west to their new home by covered wagon. Only the old, very young, and sick are seen riding. The driver walks and guides the horses. (Add the group of pioneers (CH144) to complete this scene; this group shows them resting and worshiping on the Sabbath.) Scene VI: Scenery: An outdoor scene in Salt Lake Valley. Action: These pioneers are seen meeting together. This day is Sunday, the Sabbath and they are resting from their work. They are worshiping our Heavenly Father as He would have them do. Epilogue: Scenery: Indoor scene. Action: Showing some of the things we do today when we rest and go to church and worship our Heav- enly Father. (For the epilogue the teacher may use the flannelboard story "The Sacrament Is a Covenant and a Promise," The Instructor, October 1965, or other material which will help complete this story.) Library File Reference: SABBATH DAY. REGAINED The years have rusted memory, but spots untouched and bright Still gleam with gladness as I sit and think alone tonight. And of these precious clear ones, it seems that Christmas gives The magic radiance of youth in which my heart relives The days of happy childhood when Santa Claus was real — That keen anticipation and eagerness I feel. The simple gifts he brought me were all I hoped for then. Oh, would these later years could bring that thrilling joy again! This thought comes with insistence — why, there are children now Who lack what you could give them — Desire will teach you how! Warm glows of satisfaction are coming to my heart, My loneliness is fleeing — once more I have a part In Christmas time. I hasten to make some children gay, And now for me is dawning an oldtime Christmas Day. — Delia Adams Leitner. DECEM BER 1 967 487 To Be Successful: Build Quality and Sell Your Product Superintendents Did you ever see a successful business operation that had no sales program? Perhaps in the past years there have been some that remained successful for a period of time, but in this day and age of keen competition, where demands on both money and time are heavy, it is unlikely that such a business would continue for very long. In generations gone by, news that the circus was coming to town or that a play was being presented in the community attracted large crowds. But today the demands on our time and the attractions which entice us in many directions bring support only to those pro- grams which are properly adver- tised and sold. The old adage, "If a man builds a better mouse trap, the world will beat a path to his door," is no longer true. Even the very best products must be mar- keted through an effective sales program. The Sunday School is no excep- tion. It competes for the time of the Church membership. There are attractions such as rest, work, sports, television, traveling, etc., which entice many away. Just as you need to advertise and sell a product, so you need to advertise and sell the Sunday School pro- gram. An attempt to pressure the prospect is no more successful in Church work than it is in the mar- ketplace. To be successful you must make the program attractive. What steps can you take to make the Sunday School more attractive? 1. Maintain dignity in the wor- ship service and in classes by be- ing well prepared. This will bring respect to your Sunday School. 2. Become a student of your as- signment. Study all the informa- tion available to help you in your calling. Visit with contemporaries to gather helpful ideas. Gather per- tinent information, then organize it into an effective program. This will give life to your Sunday School. 3. Be prayerful throughout the week preparatory to your respon- sibilities. Pray with your asso- ciates. Place your dependence upon the Lord and then work hard at the program. This will give spirituality to your Sunday School. 4. Motivate your teachers with words of encouragement that will inspire them to new heights. This will give dedication to your pro- gram. 5. Work with the bishop in the selection of capable officers and teachers to fill the various posi- tions. It is important to have the right person in the right place. This will give depth to your Sun- day School. 6. Teach the youngsters and the oldsters to sit quietly in the wor- ship service. The first important step is for the superintendency to set the example. Members will willingly cooperate if the program is properly carried out. This will bring reverence to your Sunday School. 7. Visit classes and evaluate their needs. Counsel with your teacher trainer to find the solution to any teaching problem that may exist. Then carry out the solution. This will give quality to your Sun- day School. 8. Make every meeting a special meeting. Whether you are meet- ing the membership, the faculty, or a particular class, give atten- tion to detail as though it were the most important meeting of the year. Never leave anything undone that should be done. This will give thoroughness to your Sunday School. 9. Organize an effective teach- ing-aid program. Teaching aids should not be used as an adjunct to the already prepared lesson. Have visual aids prepared for each teacher one week before the par- ticular lesson is to be given, so that the lesson can be constructed to make the teaching aids effec- tive. This will give interest to your Sunday School. What steps can you take to sell the Sunday School to those who should be present? 1. Organize each class with class officers. Encourage them to be well prepared. Little antecdotes from them in introducing the lessons are attention getters. This is an opportune time to sell Sunday School to members and promote loyalty and enthusiasm. 488 THE I NSTR UCTOR 2. Enlist the support of the bish- op in having the home teachers work with the respective Sunday School teachers to enlist inactive members. The bishop has complete authority to direct the communi- cation between the auxiliary and the home teacher. He can help you with enlistment. 3. Take advantage of every op- portunity to sell your Sunday School to the members of your ward as being a great organization with a great purpose. It influences for good the life of every member of the ward, as well as visitors, if they will give it a chance. The Sunday School has the choice hour of the week. The Sun- day School teaches all members of the Church. The Sunday School teaches the gospel of Jesus Christ, which, when properly taught, changes the lives of the individuals for good. The Sunday School is an inspired program which brings happiness, inner peace, spiritual- ity, love, knowledge, wisdom, and understanding into the lives of its members. Is there any greater calling? — Superintendent Royden G. Derrick Library File Reference: SUNDAY SCHOOL- LOCAL LEADERSHIP. Answers to Your Questions Kneeling In Prayer Meeting Q. Should the officers and teach- ers of the Sunday School kneel in prayer at prayer meeting? — Salem Stake. A. This depends entirely upon the feeling of those conducting the meeting. Certainly kneeling would not be appropriate where physical conditions do not lend themselves to a desire to kneel. First Presidency's Instructions Q. Is kneeling to pray in prayer meeting contrary to the instruc- tions of the First Presidency? — Salem Stake. A. No. The recommendations of the Sunday School concerning kneeling do not supersede any previous instructions issued by the First Presidency. They have advised against kneeling in prayer circles except in the temple. The kneeling in prayer meeting is not to be done in a prayer circle. If done, each person kneels, ordi- narily, by his chair. Prayer at Stake Meetings Q. Is it recommended that kneel- ing for prayer be practiced in stake leadership meetings? — Salem Stake. A. No. Kneeling does not ex- tend to these meetings. Training Superintendents Q. Where do superintendents get their best training in supervision? — Semi-annual Conference. A. The Sunday School stake leadership meeting should be or- ganized and conducted specifically to train ward superintendents and their assistants in the principles and arts of supervision. NOT LOST FOREVER / think she always carried in her heart The image of the garden she had lost; No doubt she was regretfully aware Of what her disobedience had cost; But in the maze of thorn-infested earth She found a sprig of hope and she could dare Dream that the tree of life would bloom again Beside another stream, sometime, somewhere. — Florence French. COMING EVENTS December 24, 1967 Christmas Worship Service Memorized Recitations For February 4, 1968 Scriptures listed below should be memorized by students in Courses 15 and 19 during Decem- ber and January. Each class should recite in unison the passage for its respective course during the Sunday School worship service of February fast day. Course 15: (This scripture reinforces the principle of repentance.) "The Lord is not slack concern- ing his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance." —II Peter 3:9. Course 19: (In this scripture, Jesus tries to impress upon the Jews that He is their Savior.) "Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am." —John 8:58. DECEM BER 1967 489 Art by Dale Kilbowrn. Teacher Development Article CAN YOU TEACH AN OLD DOG NEW TRICKS? by Shirlene R. Schaap* "You can't teach an old dog new tricks" "You can't change human nature" "The mental age of the average adult is 12 years" THESE are some of the myths regarding educa- tion and the adult learner. Part of our task as educators and Church leaders is to eradicate such falsehoods and obstacles to effective adult learning and replace them with sound ideas. There are two main limits to human growth and development: First, the real and practical limit of our potential capacity or maximum ability; sec- ond, the psychological limit which each of us places upon himself. Why do we limit ourselves? Why do we hold ourselves back, fearing to learn and thus extend our powers? What is learning? J. R. Kidd, in How Adults Learn, says: Learning may be thought of as the acquisition and mastery by a person of what is already known on some subject. It may also be thought of as the extension and clarification of meanings of one's own individual experience. 1 Problems of Adult Learning Learning does result in certain kinds of changes, the most common being the memorization of facts, acquisition or improvement of a skill or process, the development of a changed attitude. There have been relatively few studies about the adult as a student, but current research shows that l James Robbins Kidd, How Adults Learn; Association Press, New York, 1959; page 26. Used by permission. the number of adult students in the United States is very high. And this number is expected to con- tinue upward. However, the adult student is dif- ferent from the child or youth student. Curriculum and methods must be related both to the goals of education and to the needs of the student, whether youth or adult. In most cases today, educators are striving for this objective. Many factors enter into the problem of adult learning: life span, maturation, adult experience, the adult as a self-educator, and the important signifi- cance of "time," to name a few. With these factors in mind, should the adult go back to school? As we grow older, our physical and sensory ca- pacity for learning changes. It is obvious that the human body changes: cell tissues become drier; body cells become less elastic; the rate of basal metabo- lism is lower; strength, speed, intensity, and endur- ance decrease; vision and hearing become impaired. What about intellectual capacities? In recent years there has been a shift in opinion regarding the adult learner and his intellectual capacities. We find that adults can and do learn all through life. In very recent studies, it has been shown that if we use our brains to a high degree, more brain tissue is developed. And, in fact, the brain actually gets bigger. Elements which deeply influence adult learn- * Shirlene Robinson Schaap and her husband, Kenneth, live in Huntington Beach Third Ward, Huntington Beach (California) Stake, with their two children. Sister Schaap serves as Primary organist and has held the positions of president, counselor, and secretary in the Relief Society. She has been a teacher in MIA and chorister in Sunday School. She graduated from the Brigham Young Univer- sity in 1957 and has done graduate work at the University of California at Los Angeles. 490 THE I NSTRUCTOR ing are attitudes, motivations, interests, feelings and emotions, effects of social class, and sources of sat- isfaction. Attributes of Learning What can we as Church leaders and individuals do to enhance and motivate adult learning? We often hear, "The Glory of God is Intelligence." But too often we think that responsibility for the de- velopment of knowledge applies only to youth. It refers to everyone — young and old. Since emotions, interests, attitudes, and motivation all affect learn- ing, we should note the emotional foci of feelings that constantly have an influence on learning: 1. Love, and similar attributes such as respect, admiration, sympathy, generosity, friendliness, en- couragement. 2. Rage, and associated feelings such as frus- tration, rejection, or feelings of being circumvented (thwarted). 3. Fear, and similar feelings such as suspicion. It has been said that to teach is to love. And as Goethe said, "We learn only from those whom we love." An individual's level of aspiration and goals for learning can be heightened if we will but love him enough to motivate, interest, and influence him into continued learning — in all phases of life. We can set the right environment for learning by teaching that old prejudices and myths about the adult learner are not true and that continued learning throughout life is essential to our preser- vation, our happiness, and our exaltation. Love of learning is inherent in all people who seek to retain their freedom. We all have a responsibility to search for and reveal the truth, to perpetuate a change, an un- easiness if you will, about adult learning. We have the responsibility to assist others and to help our- selves in the application of the principles of learning. Library File Reference: LEARNING. THE BEST FROM THE PAST This is a supplementary chart to help teachers find good lesson material from past issues of The Instructor. Available magazines are 35«? each. Reprints of many center- spread pictures (and flannelboard characters since May, 1965) are available for 15^ each. We encourage Latter-day Saints to subscribe to and save The Instructor as a Sunday School teacher's encyclo- pedia of Gospel material. Abbreviations on the chart are as follows: First number is the year; second number is the month; third number is the. page. (e.g. 60-3-103 means 1960, March, page 103.) Fbs — flannelboard story. Cs — centerspread. Isbc — inside back cover. Osbc — outside back cover. Conv — Convention Issue. CR — Centennial Reprint. * — not available. Use ward library. SUNDAY SCHOOL COURSE NUMBER Feb. 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 25 27 29 4 62-5-147 63-5-Fbs, 186, Isbc 64-6-Fbs 54-4-Cs,* 110 62-3-106 58-10-305 60-4-118, 139 56-7-Cs,* Fbs 57-1-Cs* 57-4-Fbs 58-11-Fbs 61-1-Fbs 54-3-70 57-3-72* 57-4-102 58-10-Fbs* 60-3-84 64-4-149 66-4-121 58-10- Isbc 58-11-Cs* 56-6-Cs* 60-4-114, 146 62-4-136 64-6-240 65-1-21 54-11-Cs Review 62-10-Isbc 54-11-Cs 57-7-Fbs 60-6-Fbs 67-11-Fbs 11 62-3-106 64-5-Isbc 56-1-7* 62-4-Fbs 62-5-147 62-7-Fbs 64-5-Fbs 67-7-Fbs 60-4-118* 64-4-149 62-5-154 64-5-192 66-3-Fbs 66-8-Fbs 57-5-134 62-3-Isbc 62-4-111 64-4-131 67-11-Fbs 64-4-162 Review 62-10-Isbc 63-7-242 62-4-109 62-6-214 63-6-204 64-1-4. 64-4-132 65-2-54 58-3-71 54-4-125 64-4-140 65-2-56 57-2-Isbc* 58-2-38 60-3-76 64-5-180 65-2-46, Fbs 18 50-11- Cover* 53-11- Cover* 59-8-Cover 67-9-Fbs 54-2-49* 60-4-122* 63-4-Cover 64-6-229 60-4-118* 57-1-Fbs* 58-2-40 60-1-14 65-2-62 54-2-49* 57-6-166 57-7-200 60-4-122* 62-3-91 64-4-131 63-11-409 51-9-Cs* 52-3-Cs 56-6-Isbc* 64-4-140 64-5-174 64-4-140 64-4-132 64-9-342 65-11-456 66-10-404 56-7-196* 64-4-131 65-2-56 65-10-Fbs 63-6-204 25 57-4-110 58-1-29 60-6-Fbs 67-11-Fbs 54-2-49* 56-6-Cs* 60-4-122* 62-3-91 58-4-113 60-4-118* Review 54-3-81 54-5-Cover 129 58-10-289 65-2-60 65-3-Fbs 57-9-273 64-5-196 64-6-Fbs 51-9-Cs* 51-10-Cs* 54-10-304 62-5-175 64-5-Cs,* 163 64-5-174 56-7-195* 57-7-194 57-10-Isbc 58-2-29 58-10-289 60-4-116,* 143 63-1-1 64-4-129 64-6-237 65-2-76 63-11-408 Review 60-4-109,* 112, 125 62-4-122 64-6-242 65-1-41 65-2-54 DECEMBER 19 67 491 Our Worshipful Hymn Practice Senior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of February Hymn: "Great King of Heaven, Our Hearts We Raise"; author, Carrie S. Thomas; composer, LeRoy J. Robert- son; Hymns — The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, No. 53. Nature has written a letter of credit upon men's faces, which is honoured almost wherever pre- sented. — Thackeray. This month, in paying honor to our Father in heaven, the "Great King of Heaven," as He is called in the hymn under consideration, we continue in the same general manner as was the case last month, as we began the new year with "All Creatures of Our God and King." In both of these great hymns of praise we are reminded that not only all humankind, but all God's creations should give elo- quent evidence of His mighty power and loving kindness. In the quotation given at the beginning of this paragraph, Thackeray is, of course, referring to mortal man, but how true it is that everywhere there is evidence of our Father's handiwork! And although we do not literally see His face in every blade of grass, every sunset, every mountain stream or frost-encrusted shrub, yet His influence and crea- tive power are felt; and our hearts are lifted up because of the beau- ties of nature. And perhaps if we are constantly aware of His great gifts and show our awareness by exemplary lives, we may in truth look upon His face one day; and our hearts will be filled once again, but in even greater measure, with the desire to sing praises to Him. This is the only hymn in our present hymnbook by Carrie S. Thomas, but these few eloquent lines powerfully attest to her liter- ary attainments. As with many of the gifted hymn writers of this and earlier times, she was a product of England, born in Plymouth in 1848, subsequently immigrating to Utah, where she reared a large family and held important Church and national positions. In recog- nizing her majestic poetry this month we also recognize a native son who set it to eloquent music — Dr. Leroy J. Robertson. He has composed 12 of the hymn tunes in the present edition of the hymn- book, yet few are widely used. The hymn for the month of Feb- ruary will help many of our con- gregations become aware of the excellence of Brother Robertson's church compositions. It is generally advisable for the organist to introduce a new hymn by playing it through in its en- tirety; and since this one is short, the congregation should be able to grasp the melody quickly. There are few technical problems, yet the composer has made good use of harmonic variety and interesting voice leading; and even the astute musician in the congregation will enjoy singing the hymn. It should be sung in a stately, dignified, yet joyous manner. To the Chorister: Keep your conducting pattern high enough for the singers to see you easily. Conduct with a good sweep, in keeping with the nature of the music and text. Be sure, also, that you exemplify by your posture and general attitude the nature of the singing you expect from the congregation. Study the hymn thoroughly ahead of time, noting that on the first verse there should be no breath after the word "raise," since it would break the thought. Ordinarily, we do not ad- vocate this sort of thing, because it tends to make congregational singing somewhat "stuffy" and contrived sounding. If the singers grasp the real meaning of these powerful words, and the equally powerful, upward-surging music, the hymn will almost sing itself! Creating the atmosphere to make this possible is the job of the chor- ister and organist. The hymn for this month is pur- posely brief. Use your free time, when it occurs, in reviewing some of the other great hymns present- ed in recent months in order to make them a permanent part of your repertoire. Avoid asking for favorite hymns from the congrega- tion. This detracts from the ser- vice and defeats the purpose of the hymn practice. More of the hymns will become favorites as the congregation gets well acquainted with them. — Ralph Woodward. February Sacrament Gems Senior Sunday School Jesus said, "If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doc- trine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself." 1 Junior Sunday School Jesus said, "This is my com- mandment, That ye love one an- other, as I have loved you." 2 iJohn 7:17. 'John 15:12. 492 TH E I NSTRUCTOR Junior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of February Hymn: "Beautiful Savior"; Crusad- er's Hymn, arranged by Lorin F. Wheelwright; The Children Sing, No. 195. On February 4, as hymn practice began, Sister Adams, the Junior Sunday School chorister, said to the children, "Dear brothers and sisters," (she preferred to address them in this way as it helped to remind her they deserved her re- spect, even though they were very young), "our ears can tell us so many wonderful things. As I hum a new melody, you decide whether I feel happy, or worried, or angry. Sometimes boys and girls like to close their eyes so that they can listen better. Would you like to do that?" (The teachers were alert to see that those who closed their eyes were not annoyed by their neighbors.) Sister Adams hummed the six phrases of the first verse smoothly and reverently, then in- vited them to open their eyes. The children decided that her mood was "happy." "Sister Foster has come to play this hymn on her violin while I sing the words," Sister Adams continued, "and you will see that you were right in guessing I am happy." Sister Foster played very quietly; then Sister Adams sang clearly the words to the first verse (they did not yet use piano accom- paniment, as they wanted words and melody to be impressed first) . "What were some of the things the hymn mentioned as being 'fair' or 'beautiful'?" As a six-year-old boy mentioned the sunshine, Sister Adams invited him to place a pic- ture of the sun on the flannel- board. Someone mentioned stars, and they were placed on the board. No one could think of the other thing described as "fair," so Sister Adams let them listen again as she sang the verse. Many knew it then, and the picture of the moon was put up. When the children men- tioned that Jesus was fairer than sunshine and moonlight and stars, she placed a picture of Jesus (tak- en from the cover of the October, 1967, Instructor) above the others. Sister Adams then pointed to the sunshine, moonlight, and stars, as she sang the first three phrases, the children singing with her. Then she invited them to listen to the last three phrases about Jesus, and to echo each phrase after her. The organist was now playing the melody with her. The next time through, Sister Adams played a game with them, opening her hand when they were to sing, and clos- ing her hand when they were to listen. In this way she could lead them to sing where they were ac- curate and listen in those places where they had not grasped the music accurately. On the large poster of the "Months of the Year" introduced last month, the paper covering the month of February was lifted, and the beautiful pic- ture of Christ was fastened in place. Then they sang the first verse once more, before reviewing the hymn for January. Because the children had been sitting so long, Sister Adams had them stand to sing January's hymn, "Thanks to Our Father"; and the children moved their hands to the pitch levels along with the chorister. Sister Penn's class was then invited to sing "How Lovely Are the Messengers," learned last year, and the entire Junior Sunday School sang it as they filed out to classes. On the second Sunday they re- viewed the first verse and were able, after practice, to sing it with- out the visual aids. The children added the second verse, with the help of pictures. On the third Sunday they could sing both the first and second verses, so the third verse was taught. The chil- dren were told that next Sunday Sister Foster would come again with her violin and play a beauti- ful descant melody while they sang. This turned out to be such a thing of beauty that Sister Adams arranged, through the Sun- day School superintendent, to have the bishop invite the children to sing in sacrament service in March, using organ and violin ac- companiment. To the Organist: Unless you are very skillful, it will take deliberate practice to learn to play the single-note mel- ody softly and expressively. The key of D-flat, with frequent al- tered tones, will also need to be thoroughly mastered. A wrong note or clumsy rhythm can imme- diately destroy all of the beauty and mood which the hymn is cap- able of awakening in children. — D. Evan Davis. Organ Music To Accompany February Sacrament Gems Darwin K. Wolford DECEMBER 1967 493 Teaching Insights SIMPLICITY by Lowell L. Bennion The other evening my wife and I went window- shopping. Stores were closed, and we had nothing to do but look. On one street were two furniture stores. The show window of one was full of a variety of pieces — a bedroom set, a dining-room table, living- room furniture, lamps, etc., etc. — stacked together almost in warehouse style. The show window of the other store presented a single, green leather chair with a footstool and a lamp, and small table to one side. Returning home that evening we commented on that beautiful chair that lingered in our memory and still does. Advertisers, you will note, have a fairly simple design and unified focus in their ads, just as many merchants do in their windows; and we notice and remember them because of their sim- plicity. Lessons, too, should have a single focus, a unify- ing idea. This has been stressed over and over again, but it needs emphasis because many teachers take a shotgun aim at the subject instead of a rifle aim; and students go home from class with no deep im- pression. SIMPLICITY IN TEACHING Lessons, like show windows, can be designed simply and if so are likely to be better understood and remembered. Let us give some illustrations: (1) A lesson can be built around a single word. Suppose you had a lesson to give on "love thy neigh- bor." One simplified, unified approach might be to write the word "love" on the board, then to ask each class member (or, if the class is over 20 in number, those on the back or second row) to either ask a question or make a statement about love. Some interesting things will be said. For example: What is love? What is the difference between love of God and love of neighbor? between love of your girl friend and love of neighbor? The teacher can sense where the real interest lies and thus pursue the most per- tinent questions to achieve his purpose — that of in- spiring class members to really love their neighbors. The word "love" remains in sharp focus. (2) A whole lesson can be based on a single story: a parable, such as the Good Samaritan, the Prodigal Son, Sowing, the Talents. The teacher should make it easy for students to ask questions about the story and to let them discover the lesson or lessons taught therein. Questions can also be asked which will adapt the lesson to their lives to- day. For example, in regard to the Good Samaritan story, one might ask: Who, among your acquaint- ances, is wounded or hurt? and in what situations? (e.g., the girl who is 18 and has never had a date, or the family from a minority group which has just moved into the neighborhood or has come to school?) Which role do we play, that of the Levite or the Good Samaritan? How can it be done with- out self-praise and without hurting the other person? Students might even be challenged to write a modern version of the Good Samaritan parable and stage it for the class. The story and its meaning would never be forgotten. (3) A single scriptural verse can lay the founda- tion for an entire lesson that will be grasped clearly because of its unity and simplicity. For example: All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes. . . .(Proverbs 16:2.) This verse lends itself to a fresh approach to re- pentance, providing a discussion of the alternative ways of dealing with one's wrongdoing: either by repentance or by rationalization (self -justification). This can be diagrammed: rationalization What are some of the tricks of rationalization which make self-deceit possible: e.g., "everyone else does it," "John Doe does things worse than that," "just this once," "I don't want to be a goody-goody," "if I sin, I'll have more compassion for the sinner." Simplicity is beautiful, whether in a work of art or in the art of teaching. Library File Reference : TEACHERS AND TEACHING. 494 THE INSTRUCTOR Little Lambs Photo by Luoma. Little Lamb, who made thee? Dost thou know who made thee, Gave thee life, and bid thee feed By the streams and o'er the mead; Gave thee clothing of delight, Softest clothing, woolly, bright; Gave thee such a tender voice, Making all the vales rejoice? Little Lamb, who made thee? Dost thou know who made thee? (For Course 3, lessons of December 17 and January 21, "How We Show Our Love" and "Familiar Animal and Bird Babies"; and of general interest.) Little Lamb, I'll tell thee; Little Lamb, I'll tell thee. He is called by thy name, For He calls Himself a Lamb; He is meek and He is mild, He became a little child. I a child, and thou a lamb, We are called by His name. Little lamb, God bless thee! Little lamb, God bless thee! — "The Lamb," by William Blake (1757-1827) Library File Reference: ANIMALS. DECEMBER 1967 495 THE INSTRUCTOR 1967 ANNUAL INDEX Listed by authors, titles, subjects and illustrations. Page numbers preceded by "C" are from Conference Edition. Due to popular request, we are this year beginning a separate subject index. TITLES AND AUTHORS A Adapting the Gospel to Human Nature, Lowell L. Bennion _ _ 83 Advancement of Courses in September, David Lawrence McKay 278 Allen, Florence S. "Before I Take the Sacrament" 28 Helps for Organists 60 "My Tithing Gives Me Happiness" 85 Anastasion, Andre K., My Most Memorable Moment 456 ". . . And He Waxed Strong" (poem), Mabel Jones Gabbott _ _ 13 Andrus, Hyrum L., To Strengthen Their Faith in Christ 416 Answers to Your Questions Could you give us a suggested agenda for the faculty meetings? How do you report attendance of a dependent branch? Why does Sunday School not have a promotion or grad- uation for students who reach their twelfth birth- day? 27 Is it permissible to present gifts to mothers in the wor- ship service on Mothers' Day? Can persons other than members of the Church hold posi- tions in the ward? Should Sunday School classes be dismissed to allow visits to such places as the new Visitors' Center on Tem- ple Square? What do we do with our minute books after we are re- leased? 119 How does the establishment of library and instructional material centers change Sunday School organiza- tion? 157 Is there a wrong and a right way to end a 2^-minute talk? 197 Is it permissible to invite in-service teachers to attend the pre-service training course? Can the superintendency invite the Sunday School fac- ulty to attend teacher training course when it is being held during opening exercises? What manual will be used for the 1967-68 pre-service teacher-training course? Does the Sunday School have first choice on teacher trainees who are developed in the course? 237 Will all Sunday School classes begin new courses of study on September 1, 1967? Is dismissal direct from the Sunday School class recom- mended? . 279 When will the new Sunday School Handbook be ready? Who is now responsible for supervision of teaching in the Sunday School class? 321 What is the origin of the sacrament in the Sunday School? Who are invited to the Sunday School Departmental Ses- sions, Friday, September 29, in Salt Lake City? _ 361 In double-session Sunday Schools, how can the teacher of one class share the blackboard with the class using the same room immediately preceding? Will Course 9 be in the Junior Sunday School in the year 1967-68? Does the superintendent's responsibility for supervision of the child group include Course 12? 405 Is it permissible for the stake board to hold oral evalua- tions with the ward superintendencies following visits by the stake board to the wards? Do the roles of the teaching aids specialist and the teacher trainer overlap? Is the faculty meeting agenda flexible? 445 Should the officers and teachers of the Sunday School kneel in prayer at prayer meeting? Is kneeling to pray in prayer meeting contrary to the in- structions of the First Presidency? Is it recommended that kneeling for prayer be practiced in stake preparation or leadership meetings? Where do superintendents get their best training in super- vision? 489 Armageddon, Sunset at, Lorin F. Wheelwright Centerspread, January Arlington, Leonard J., "Gather Ye Together . . . Upon the Land of Zion" 148 Arrowsmith, Jessie, For the Cause of Courage 242 Ashton, Wendell J. — Outside back covers Never a Spectator January Wave of Hope February Beside Still Waters March Why Me? - -April Most Kingly Gift May Thatched Houses June Man at Peace July Spiritual Ancestors August Roses in Her Eyes .September At the Summit October Looking Out November Lessons That Lived December Asian Diary, Gordon B. Hinckley 344 Atonement, The, Warren E. Pugh 420 At the Summit, Wendell J. Ashton JBack Cover October Aztec History and the Book of Mormon, Richard O. Cowan _ 132 B Baker, Virginia, This Is the Church That Faith Built 258 Baird, Alan, A Convict Talks About Confiding 452 Balance of Church and State, The, Jesse A. Udall 182 Ballard, Melvin J., A Friend Redeems Our Home 202 Bangerter, William Grant, The Heart and a Willing Mind 414 Baptism, An Eternal Experience, N. LaVerl Christensen 18 Barrett, Ivan J., A Sweet Fascination 426 Barriers to Faith, Richard S. Boyer 478 Bartholomew, Catharine D. "For They Shall See" 184 Janet May's Thankful Birthday 368 BBC Explains Mormonism to Britishers, Richard W. Maycock 104 496 THE I N STR UCTOR Beatitudes, The, art work by Sherman T. Martin .Centerspread March Bennett, Wallace G., Statistics Interpreted j81, 107, 171, Bennion, Howard S., Mutual Assistance 162 Bennion, Lowell L., How Can We Increase Reverence? C-14 Bennion, Lowell L. (Teaching Insights) The Outcome 23 Talk at Sunday School Conference 56 Adapting the Gospel to Human Nature 83 The Glory of Man 117 Singleness of Purpose 156 Discipline 187 Teaching: Giving or Quickening? 223 A Thought-Provoking Question? 294 Relationships 401 Religion and Morality 440 Simplicity 494 Berry essa, Max J., Your Attitudes Are Showing 20 Beside Still Waters, Wendell J. Ashton .Outside back cover, March Best From the Past 13, 73, 126, 135, 186, 235, 274, J331, 408, 445, 491 Bickerstaff, H. George The Rescue 91 Charles Dickens and "The Mormon Emigrant Ship" _ _ 155 The Pioneer Grist Mill 175 The Nephite Wars 295 and Inside back cover, July "In the Unity of the Faith" -Inside back cover, September The Dark Ages of Error 366 Saulus Outside Damascus Centerspread, November The Sacrament, Communion of Believers 482 Bickmore, Lee S., Man at Peace, Wendell J. Ashton _. Outside back cover, July Bigler, L. Burt, A Dream Come True 266 Blake, William, The Lamb 495 Book of Mormon, Key to Conversion, The, Glenn L. Pearson _ 262 Boyer, Richard S., Barriers to Faith 478 Bradford, Reed H. Now Is the Time 4 The Fire Within 77 In the Wings 112 The Divine Dialogue, Part I 166 The Divine Dialogue, Part II 188 The Divine Self-image 230 The Burdens on Our Hearts 270 "Sunshine Came Along With Thee" 311 "My Soul Is a Fountain of Tears" 354 With Real Intent . 397 What Is "Eating" on Him (or Her)? 438 I Can Sleep When the Wind Blows 480 Budget Fund and Its Collection, The, Paul B. Tanner 277 Budget, The Time, Sterling W. Sill 215 Burton, Marshall T., The Power of "Being" 126 Burton, Theodore M., Why Baptism for the Dead? 114 Bush, Edna K., Magnificent Messages 460 By What Authority Do You Speak?, J. Clifford Wallace 68 Can You Teach An Old Dog New Tricks?, Shirlene R. Schaap 490 Can You See It?, John A. Peart - 255 Capsule, Guide, A 6, 66, 100, 136, 178, . 217, 260, 299, 359, 382 Carlston, Herald L., Sunday School Reports 371 Cathedral in the Desert, A, Ralph E. Margetts 142 Cause of Human Liberty, The, David O. McKay 61 Centerspreads Sunset at Armageddon, Lorin F. Wheelwright January The River Jordan, Lorin F. Wheelwright February The Beatitudes March King Benjamin, Bill L. Hill April Hill Cumorah Pageant, Charles W. Whitman May The Miracle of the Gulls, L. Goff Dowding June The Holy City, Lorin F. Wheelwright August The Tabernacle, Lorin F. Wheelwright September Christmas Lighting on Temple Square, David W. Evans October In the Land Where Paul Taught, J. Lynn Styler November Where Jesus Taught, Lorin F. Wheelwright December Certain Sound of the Trumpet, The, Spencer W. Kimball 138 Charles Dickens and "The Mormon Emigrant Ship," H. George Bickerstaff 155 Chart Books for You! Teachers: 229 Child Prayed, A, Ottella Tyndall 206 Children Are a Challenge, Victor B. Cline 74 Choose Wisely Whom Ye Will Serve, Wilford E. Smith 290 Christ the One Perfect Guide, David O. McKay 97 Christensen, N. LaVerl, Baptism, An Eternal Experience 18 Christmas Came First In Palestine (Flannelboard story), Marie F. Felt 399 Christmas Lighting on Temple Square, David W. Evans Centerspread October Christmas Prayer, A, (poem), Hazel Harker 387 Christmas Symbol, The, (poem), Author Unknown 391 Christmastide, At, David O. McKay 461 Church Curriculum Programs: Time Changes, Correlation Exec- utive Committee 361 Church Is Also Organized Concern, Neal A. Maxwell _ -. 103 City in the Bend of the River, A, Rowena J. Miller 86 Cline, Victor B. Children Are A Challenge 74 "Handcart Pioneers" Through the Ages 90 The Family "Mood Meter" 336 Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner . 146 "Come, Follow Me," The Savior Said, Marie J. Nelson 334 Coming Events 27, 82, 119, 157, 197, 237, 279, 320, 369, 404, 444, 489 Conference Departmental Sessions at October Conference 321 Sunday School Prepares for Second Annual Church-wide Sunday School Conference with Departmental Ses- sions 342 Conference call ... for all Sunday School workers 381 Conference, Sunday School Departmental Meetings Courses 1 and la, Opening Doors 36 Courses 2 and 3, Lasting Impressions 38 Courses 4 and 5, The Teacher's Obligation 39 Courses 6 and 7, Teaching Techniques 40 Courses 8 and 9, Summary 41 Courses 10 and 11, Don't Assume! Work Your Plan 42 Courses 12 and 13, A Climate of Love For Learning 44 Courses 14 and 15, Summary 45 Courses 18 and 19, Panel Discussion 46 Courses 22 and 23, Summary 47 Courses 24 and 25, Summary 49 Courses 26 and 27, Summary 51 Courses 28 and 29, Summary 53 Librarians, Summary 54 Secretaries, Summary 55 The Instructor, Summary 56 Music — Senior Sunday School, Summary 58 Music — Junior Sunday School, Summary 59 Confirming our Hope, Walter S. Mains 412 Convict Talks About Confiding, A, Alan Baird 452 Course, Date, and Lesson Chart 92, 208, 292, 418 Cowan, Richard O. "Upon Their Shoulders" 95 Aztec History and the Book of Mormon 132 Crocodile Doesn't Go to Sunday School, A, Janice Dixon 304 Cry Unto the Lord, A, Ray M. Reeder 458 Cundick, Robert M. and Luacine Clark Fox, My Father's Business (song) 248 Cundick, Robert M. (Arranger), Pastorale Symphony (From "Messiah") by G. F. Handel .388 Curtis, Elbert R., The Hand of the Lord 251 D Dark Ages of Error, The, H. George Bickerstaff 366 Day of Judgment, On the, Joseph Fielding Smith 218 Dearest Mother, I Love You, Vernon J. LeeMaster 73 Della-Piana, Gabriel M., What is Self-control? 434 Demonstration of Teaching Aids, LeRoy R. Lindeman 42 Departmental Sessions at October Conference i 321 DECEMBER 1967 497 Pictorial Views 380 Derrick, Royden G. The Most Important Assignment 118 Pray for Faith: Receive a Problem 176 Effective Administration in a Theocracy 360 To Be Successful: Build Quality and Sell Your Product 489 Despain, Goldie B. Sky Adventures (poem) 145 I Thought I Would Be Kind Today (poem) 232 The Teacher (poem) 508 Discipline, Lowell L. Bennion 187 Divine Dialogue, The, Reed H. Bradford Part I 166 Part II 188 Divine Miracle, The, Stephen R. Covey 348 Divine Self-image, A, Reed H. Bradford 230 Dixon, Janice, A Crocodile Doesn't Go to Sunday School 304 Doctor's Prescription, A, George Albert Smith 315 Doors (poem), Hermann Hagedorn 36 Dream Come True, A, L. Burt Bigler 266 Dunn, Paul H., Gospel Standards and Popularity 464 Dunyon, Eileen R., When Action Is Missing 238 Durham, Reed C, Jr., ". . . Mary Was Espoused to Joseph . . ." 264 Dyson, Peter J., The "Golden Rule" in Teaching 313 E Easter Morn (poem), Hazel M. Thomson 122 Effective Administration in a Theocracy, Royden G. Derrick _360 Emerson, Ralph Waldo, Thanksgiving (poem) 146 Enlarge Your Illustrations, Naola V. Watson 280 Eternal Man by Truman G. Madsen, (book review) 12 Evans, David W, Christmas Lighting on Temple Square Centerspread October Evans, Richard L., The Spirit of Worship C-8 ". . . Even by Study", D. Christ Poulos 204 Eyring, Henry, South of the Border 322 Christmas Came First in Palestine 399 That We May Always Remember Him 441 The Sabbath Is a Holy Day 485 Fertile Field for the Restoration, A, Wilburn C. West 394 Fire of Your Faith, The, Boyd K. Packer 46 Fire Within, The, Reed H. Bradford 77 Flannelboard Stories, Marie F. Felt (See Felt, Marie F.) Folland, Richard E., A Tribute to, David Lawrence McKay _ _ 256 Footsteps, I Would Follow in His, J. Smith Jacobs 244 For the Cause of Courage, Jessie Arrowsmith 242 "For They Shall See," Catharine D. Bartholomew 184 Fox, Luacine Clark and Robert M. Cundick, My Father's Business (song) 248 French, Florence, Not Lost Forever (poem) 489 Friend Redeems Our Home, A, Melvin J. Ballard 202 Fuller, Thomas, Give Thanks 279 G Gabbott, Mabel Jones, ". . . And He Waxed Strong" (poem) _ 13 Gabbott, Mabel Jones, Stars on Christmas Night (poem) 393 Gardner, Alexander J., A Matter of Discipline 362 Gasser, Anna M., What Face Will You Wear? (poem) 243 "Gather Ye Together . . . Upon the Land of Zion," Leonard J. Arrington 148 Give Thanks, Thomas Fuller 279 Glade, Melba, Wind Chimes in the Breeze 144 Glory of Man, The, Lowell L. Bennion 117 God's Gift, Carol Smith (poem) 391 "Go Forth Among the Lamanites, Thy Brethren," D. Corydon Hammond 198 Goliath Addresses David, Hazel W. Lewis .Centerspread, July Gospel Restoration, The, Alfred E. Jordan Inside back cover, January Gospel Standards and Popularity, Paul H. Dunn 464 Gratitude, President David O. McKay 421 Greater Light, The, Joseph F. Smith 328 Guest, Edgar A., You (poem) 377 Gulls, The Miracle of the, L. Goff Dowding _ _ Centerspread, June F Faculty Meetings and Spiritual Goals, Lynn S. Richards 444 Family Affair, A, Rosalind Farnsworth 396 Family Christmas Service Senior Sunday School 384-389 Junior Sunday School -390-393 Family Home Evening Articles Now Is the Time 4 The Fire Within 77 In The Wings 112 The Divine Dialogue, Part I 166 Part II 188 A Divine Self-image 230 The Burdens on Our Hearts 1 270, "Sunshine Came Along with Thee" 311 "My Soul Is a Fountain of Tears" 354 With Real Intent 397 What Is "Eating" on Him (or Her)? 438 I Can Sleep When the Wind Blows 480 Family "Mood Meter", The, Victor B. Cline 336 Famine in the Land, A, Martin C. Nalder _ _ : 466 Farnsworth, Rosalind, A Family Affair 396 Father Forgives, A, Marie F. Felt (flannelboard story) 79 Feast of the Passover, The, Helen Blake Smith 352 Fellowship with Us, Warren E. Pugh 470 Felt, Marie F. Jesus, the Great Physician 31 A Father Forgives 79 John's Faith and God's Power 94 To Us— the Most Wonderful Mother Ever! 115 Peter Denies the Christ 153 Reverence Begins at Home : 193 Joseph Forgives His Brothers 233 Samuel Was a Special Baby 275 Jesus Showed Us What to Do 317 The Pioneers Were Grateful 357 H Hagedorn, Hermann, Doors (poem) 36 Hammond, D. Corydon, "Go Forth Among the Lamanites, Thy Brethren" 198 Hand of the Lord, The, Elbert R. Curtis 251 "Handcart Pioneers" Through the Ages, Victor B. Cline 90 Handel, G. F., Pastorale Symphony (From "Messiah") Arranged by Robert M. Cundick 388 Hanks, Marion D., Travels Between Nephi and Zarahemla _ _372 Harker, Hazel, A Christmas Prayer (poem) 387 Harmon, Paul, How Do I Rate As a Teacher? Inside back cover, December Harmon, W. Glenn, The Same Gospel 332 Harry, Shizuko, From Telling to Showing 47 Harward, Vermont C, John's Repentance 70 Hatch, Nelle S., Trailblazers in Mexico 190 Heart and a Willing Mind, The, William Grant Bangerter 414 Heart Leaps Up, My (poem), William Wordsworth 145 Here to Stay!, J. Smith Jacobs 150 Hill, Bill L., King Benjamin Centerspread, April Hill Cumorah Pageant, Charles W. Whitman _ Centerspread, May Hill, George R., Order and Reverence in the Worship Service _C-6 Hinckley, Gordon B., Asian Diary 344 O, Come Let Us Worship C-12 Hollingsworth, Paul M., What About Classroom Discipline? - _ 22 Holy City, The, Lorin F. Wheelwright Centerspread, August Hoopes, Chad L., A Remarkable Meeting 472 Hosanna (hymn), Rita S. Robinson, Chester W. Hill 392 How Can We Increase Reverence?, Lowell Bennion C-14 How Do I Rate as a Teacher?, Paul Harmon _ _ Inside back cover Hymn of the Month, Junior Sunday School Complete List for 1967 34 "Before I Take the Sacrament" 28 "My Tithing Gives Me Happiness" 85 "Love at Home" 123 "Come, Follow Me" 159 498 THE I N STR UCTOR "An Angel Came to Joseph Smith" 201 "How Lovely Are the Messengers" 241 "For the Beauty of the Earth" 283 " Tis Sweet to Sing the Matchless Love" 325 "Baptism" 365 "Christmas Cradle Song" 407 "Thanks to Our Father" 451 "Beautiful Savior" 493 Hymn of the Month, Senior Sunday School Complete List for 1967 33 "Jesus, the Very Thought of Thee" 28 "A Poor Wayfaring Man of Grief" 84 "Savior, Redeemer of My Soul" 122 "0 God, Our Help in Ages Past" 158 "Lead Me Into Life Eternal" 200 "Jesus, Mighty King of Zion" 240 "With All the Power of Heart and Tongue" 282 "Jesus, Savior, Pilot Me" 324 "Sing Praise to Him" 364 "While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks by Night" 406 "All Creatures of Our God and King" 450 "Great King of Heaven, Our Hearts We Raise" 492 Hymns, Words and Music Before I Take the Sacrament, Mabel Jones Gabbott, Gladys Seely 29 Dearest Mother, I Love You, Vernon J. LeeMaster 73 My Father's Business, Luacine Clark Fox and Robert M. Cundick 248 O Love That Glorifies Thy Son, Lorin F. Wheelwright . 319 Pastorale Symphony, G. F. Handel, arranged by Robert M. Cundick 388 Hosanna, Rita S. Robinson, Chester W. Hill 392 O Come Little Children, J. Schulz 393 Lullaby, Lorin F. Wheelwright 437 I "I Believe. . ." Our Organized Universe, Frank B. Salisbury 226 Proclaim the Handiwork of God, Thomas J. Parmley . .272 I Can Sleep When the Wind Blows, Reed H. Bradford 480 "I Don't Know," Lowell L. Bennion 307 I Would Follow in His Footsteps, J. Smith Jacobs 244 If With All Your Heart (poem), Roy O. McClain 415 "If Ye Have Love," Oliver R. Smith 106 In His Steps, Mark E. Petersen 10 In the Land Where Paul Taught, J. Lynn Styler Centerspread, November "In the Unity of Faith," Richard O. Cowan 374 "In the Unity of Faith," H. George Bickerstaff Inside back cover, September In the Wings, Reed H. Bradford .112 Incredible Law of Love, The, Winnifred C. Jardine 474 Individual Adjustments in October, David Lawrence McKay .404 Inside back cover charts The Gospel Restoration, Alfred E. Jordan January "Upon Their Shoulders," Richard O. Cowan February Aztec History and the Book of Mormon, Richard O. Cowan March Witnesses to the Lord's Resurrection, Robert J. Matthews April The Miracles of Jesus, Robert J. Matthews May The Hand of the Lord, Elbert R. Curtis June The Nephite Wars, H. George Bickerstaff July The Family "Mood Meter," Victor B. Cline August "In the Unity of the Faith," H. George Bickerstaff September The Atonement, Warren E. Pugh October Make-up of the Book of Mormon Thomas Keith Midgley November How Do I Rate As a Teacher?, Paul Harmon _ _ December Inspiration, Lowell L. Bennion '_ 370 Jackson, Wendell T., The Parable — A Teaching Device 446 Jacobs, J. Smith Here to Stay! 150 I Would Follow in His Footsteps 244 Janet May's Thankful Birthday, Catharine D. Bartholomew .368 Jardine, Winnifred C, The Incredible Law of Love 474 Jensen, Heber G., "Whatsoever You Seal on Earth ..." 326 Jenson, Martha Smith, A Monument to Courage 30 Jesus Showed Us What to Do, Marie F. Felt 317 Jesus, the Great Physician, Marie F. Felt 31 John's Faith and God's Power, Marie F. Felt 94 John's Repentance, Vermont C. Harward 70 Jones, Helen Hinckley, The Saints From the Good Ship Brooklyn 124 Jordan, Alfred E., The Gospel Restoration Inside back cover, January Jordan, The River, Lorin F. Wheelwright Centerspread, February Joseph Forgives His Brothers, Marie F. Felt 233 K Keeping Your Trust, David O. McKay 213 Kimball, Spencer W. The Certain Sound of the Trumpet 138 "Ye Have Not Chosen Me . . ." 302 Kindness Is Many Things, (poem/picture page) 232 King Benjamin, Bill L. Hill Centerspread, April Lamb, The, William Blake 495 Lamp to Be Lighted, A, Lynn F. Stoddard 402 Landau, Elliott D., Opening Doors 36 Talking Together 110 LeCheminant, Dale C, ". . . Things of the Jews" 308 LeeMaster, Vernon J. "Dearest Mother, I Love You" 73 "Love at Home" 122 "Come, Follow Me" 159 "An Angel Came to Joseph Smith" 201 Leitner, Delia Adams, Regained (poem) _ .487 Lessons That Lived, Wendell J. Ashton Outside back cover, December Liberty, The Cause of Human, David O. McKay 61 Lind, Don L., Patience, Prayer, and a Space Ship 350 Lindeman, LeRoy A., Demonstration of Teaching Aids 42 Longden, John, The Miracle of Christmas 429 Looking Out, Wendell J. Ashton . . Back cover, November Lorenzo Snow, Mighty Man of God, William B. Smart 220 Lost Knife, The, Orson F. Whitney 314 Lullaby (hymn), Lorin F. Wheelwright 437 Lyon, A. Laurence "How Lovely Are the Messengers" _241 "For the Beauty of the Earth" 283 " 'Tis Sweet to Sing the Matchless Love" 325 "Baptism" 365 Mc McClain, Roy O., If With All Your Heart (poem) 415 McKay, David Lawrence Sunday School Records and the Teacher 26 A Tribute to: Richard E. Folland 256 Advancement of Courses in September 278 To Grow in Wisdom and Stature 383 Individual Adjustments in October 404 McKay, David O. "What Is a Man Profited ..." 1 The Cause of Human Liberty 61 Christ the One Perfect Guide 97 The Church Organized by Divine Edict 133 Responsibility of the Priesthood 173 Keeping Your Trust 213 Manhood, Honor, Integrity, 253 The Teacher 297 The Spiritual Life, the True Life of Man 338 Responsibility and Mission of the Youth of the Church 377 DECEMBER 1 967 499 Gratitude 421 At Christmastide 461 Reverence— The Highest of Human Feelings C-2 M Magnificent Messages, Edna K. Bush 460 Mains, Walter S., Confirming Our Hope 412 Man at Peace, Wendell J. Ashton Outside back cover, July Man Called Jacob, A, Sterling W. Sill 424 Manhood, Honor, Integrity, David O. McKay 253 Manifestations of the Spirit, Donna D. Sorensen 314 Man's Search for Happiness - - . 8 Margetts, Ralph, A Cathedral in the Desert 142 ". . . Mary Was Espoused to Joseph . . .", Reed C. Durham, Jr 264 Matthews, Robert J. Witnesses to the Lord's Resurrection Inside back cover, April The Miracles of Jesus Inside back cover, May Maxwell, Neal A., The Church Is Also Organized Concern 103 May cock, Richard W., BBC Explains Mormonism to Britishers 104 Memorized Recitations 27, 83, 119, 157, 197, 237, 279, 321, 361, 405, 444, 489 Midgley, Thomas Keith, Make-Up of the Book of Mormon, „. Inside back cover, November Miller, Rowena J., A City in the Bend of the River ___ 86 Mind: Its Divine Origin, The, Joseph R. Morrell 168 Miracle of Christmas, The, John Longden 429 Miracle of the Gulls, The, L. Goff Dowding _ _ Centerspread, June Miracle, The Divine, Stephen R. Covey 348 Miracles of Jesus, The, Robert J. Matthews Inside back cover, May "Mission" Accomplished, D. Wayne Rose 250 Monroy, Rafael, Mexican Martyr 16 Monson, Leland H., The Seven Cardinal Virtues 128 Monument to Courage, A, Martha Smith Jenson 30 Morales, Vicente, Mexican Martyr 16 Mormon Pavilion at New York Worlds Fair 8 Morrell, Josteph R., The Mind: Its Divine Origin 168 Most Important Assignment, The, Royden G. Derrick 118 Most Kingly Gift, Wendell J. Ashton Outside back cover, May Mother's Day program 88 Mutual Assistance, Howard S. Bennion 162 My Father's Business (song), Luacine Clark Fox and Robert M. Cundick 248 My Most Memorable Moment, Andre K. Anastasion, Sr. 456 "My Soul Is a Fountain of Tears," Reed H. Bradford 354 Mystery of a Buttercup, The, Goldie B. Despain 97 N Nalder, Martin C. "... A Famine in the Lord" -466 Nelson, Marie J., "Come, Follow Me," the Savior Said 334 Nephite Wars, The, H. George Bickerstaff 295 _Inside back cover, July Never a Spectator, Wendell J. Ashton .Outside back cover, January New Anthem, A, Alexander Schreiner 34 New Class in Sunday School, The, Lynn S. Richards 320 New General Superintendency, Lorin F. Wheelwright 64 Newman, Virginia, The Risen Savior (poem) 119 Next Month in Your Sunday School 6, 66, 100, 136, 178, 217, 260, 299, 359, 382 Not Lost Forever (poem), Florence French 489 Now is the Time, Reed H. Bradford 4 O Obedience, Herbert F. Smart 1 108 O, Come Let Us Worship, Gordon B. Hinckley C-12 O Come Little Children (hymn), J. Schulz 393 O Love That Glorifies Thy Son (hymn), Lorin F. Wheelwright 319 Oh, May My Soul Commune with Thee, Lorin F. Wheelwright C-10 Old, Old Story, The, (poem), Cordelia Spitzer 387 On the Day of Judgment, Joseph Fielding Smith 218 Opening Doors, Elliott D. Landau 36 Order and Reverence in the Worship Service, George R. Hill _C-6 Our Organized Universe, Frank B. Salisbury 226 Outcome, The, Lowell L. Bennion 23 Pace, R. Wayne, "That Ye May Be Prepared" 246 Packer, Boyd K., The Fire of Your Faith 46 Parable— A Teaching Device, The, Wendell T. Jackson 446 Passover, The Feast of the, Helen Blake Smith 352 Pastoral Symphony (from "Messiah"), G. F. Handel, Arranged by Robert M. Cundick 388 Patience, Prayer, and a Space Ship, Don L. Lind 350 Pearson, Glenn L., The Book of Mormon, Key to Conversion _ 262 Penney, J. C, Six Principles 195 Parmley, Thomas J., Proclaim the Handiwork of God 272 Peter Denies the Christ, Marie Felt 153 Petersen, Mark E. In His Steps 10 What Is a Latter-day Saint?, compiled by H. George Bickerstaff 285 Pioneer Grist Mill, The, H. George Bickerstaff 175 Poetry ". . . And He Waxed Strong," Mabel Jones Gabbott _ _ 13 Doors, Hermann Hagedorn 37 A Tribute to Teachers Everywhere, author unknown _ _ 43 The Risen Savior, Virginia Newman 119 Thanksgiving, Ralph Waldo Emerson 146 Sky Adventures, Goldie B. Despain Blow, Blow, Thou Winter Wind, Shakespeare 145 The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Samuel Taylor Coleridge Lord, Teach Me All That I Should Know, Isaac Watts 146 Without Glory, Eva Willes Wangsgaard 187 I Thought I Would Be Kind Today, Goldie B. Despain When I'm Kind and True, Moiselle Renstrom 232 What Face Will You Wear?, Anna M. Gasser 243 The Old, Old Story, Cordelia Spitzer 387 A Christmas Prayer, Hazel Harker 387 The Christmas Symbol, author unknown ^ 391 God's Gift, Carol Smith 391 Stars on Christmas Night, Mabel Jones Gabbott 393 If with All Your Heart, Roy O. McClain 415 You, Edgar A. Guest 377 The True Gift, author unknown 429 Others, Charles D. Meigs _ _ 431 Bird's Nest, author unknown Inside front cover, June The Scarlet Tanager Family, Mabel Harmer 455 Not Lost Forever, Florence French . _*-_ 489 The Teacher, Goldie Despain . . 508 Regained, Delia Adams Leitner _ 487 Poulos, D. Christ, ". . . Even by Study" _ 204 Power Beyond Understanding, Wilford E. Smith _ _ 468 Power of "Being," The, Marshall T. Burton 126 Pray for Faith: Receive a Problem, Royden G. Derrick 176 "Prayer Is to Close Your Eyes and Think," June Lacey Robinson 476 Prayer: Key to Our Habits, DeRay Shepherd 164 Proclaim the Handiwork of God, Thomas J. Parmley 272 Public Library: World of Wealth, The, Arthur M. Richardson 160 Pugh, Warren E., The Atonement 420 Fellowship With Us 470 Pure Perseverance, J. Morris Richards 224 R Records and the Teacher, Sunday School, David Lawrence McKay 26 Reeder, Ray M., A Cry Unto the Lord 458 Regained (poem), DeJJa Adams Leitner 487 Reid, Ethna R., September, a Time of Beginning 300 500 THE INSTRUCTOR Relationships, Lowell L. Bennion 401 Religion and Morality, Lowell L. Bennion 440 Remarkable Meeting, A, Chad L. Hoopes 472 Renstrom, Moiselle, When I'm Kind and True (poem) 232 Responsibility and Mission of the Youth of the Church President David O. McKay 377 Responsibility of the Priesthood, David O. McKay 173 Resurrection Victory Over Death, The, (Easter program for Junior Sunday School) 14 Reverence Begins at Home, Marie F. Felt 193 Reverence — The Highest of Human Feelings, David O. McKay C-2 Richards, J. Morris, Pure Perseverance 224 Richards, Lynn S. Tender Points of Irritation 82 The New Class in Sunday School 320 Faculty Meetings and Spiritual Goals 444 Richardson, Arthur M., The Public Library: World of Wealth 160 Rime of the Ancient Mariner, The, Samuel Taylor Coleridge - 146 Risen Savior, The (poem), Virginia Newman 119 Kiver Jordan, The, Lorin F. Wheelwright Centerspread, February Robinson, June Lacey, "Prayer is to Close Your Eyes and Think" 476 Rose, D. Wayne, "Mission" Accomplished 250 Sabbath Day is a Holy Day, The, Marie F. Felt 485 Sacrament, Communion of Believers, The, H. George Bickerstaff 482 Sacrament Gems .29, 33, 84, 123, 159, 200, 241, 324, 364, 407, 450, 492 Saints From the Good Ship Brooklyn, The, Helen Hinckley Jones 124 Salisbury, Frank B., Our Organized Universe 226 Same Gospel, The, W. Glenn Harmon 332 Samuel Was a Special Baby, Marie F. Felt 275 Saulus Outside Damascus, H. George Bickerstaff Centerspread, November "Savior Which Is Christ the Lord, A" 384 Schaap, Shirlene R., Can You Teach an Old Dog New Tricks? 490 Schreiner, Alexander "Jesus, the Very Thought of Thee" 28 "A Poor Wayfaring Man of Grief 84 A New Anthem 34 Suggestions for Choristers 58 "Savior, Redeemer of My Soul" 122 "O God, Our Help in Ages Past" 158 "Lead Me Into Life Eternal" 200 "Jesus, Mighty King of Zion" 240 Season of Preparation, A, Robert L. Simpson 432 Secretary's Corner, Statistics Interpreted . _ 81, 107, 171, 255, 371 Selected References on Worship from The Instructor C-16 Selected Scriptural References on Worship C-17 September, A Time of Beginning, Ethna R. Reid 300 Seven Cardinal Virtues, Leland H. Monson 128 Shepherd, DeRay, Prayer Key to Our Habits 164 Sill, Sterling W. The Time Budget 215 A Man Called Jacob 424 Simplicity, Lowell Bennion 494 Simpson, Robert L., A Season of Preparation 432 Singleness of Purpose, Lowell L. Bennion 156 Six Principles, J. C. Penney 195 Sky Adventures, Goldie B. Despain (poem) 145 Smart, Herbert F., Obedience '. 108 Smart, William B., Lorenzo Snow Mighty Man of God 220 Smith, Carol, God's Gift (poem) 391 Smith, George Albert, A Doctor's Prescription 315, 316 Smith, Helen Blake, The Feast of the Passover 352 Smith, Joseph, What Is a Latter-day Saint?, H. George Bickerstaff 284 Smith, Joseph F., The Greater Light 328 Smith, Joseph Fielding, On the Day of Judgment 218 Smith, Oliver R., "If Ye Have Love" 106 Smith, Wilford E., Choose Wisely Whom Ye Will Serve 290 Power Beyond Understanding 468 "Sometimes They Call Us Mormons," Wallace F. Toronto 288 Song of Nephi H. Richard Thomas 409 2 Nephi 4:16-35 411 Sorensen, Donna D., Manifestations of the Spirit 314 South of the Border, Henry Eyring 322 Spirit of Worship, The, Richard L. Evans C-8 Spiritual Life, the True Life of Man, The, David O. McKay . 338 Spitzer, Cordelia, The Old, Old Story (poem) 387 Stake Conference Sunday Lessons "If Ye Have Love," Oliver R. Smith 106 The True Test of Our Influence, Dale H. West 180 Stars on Christmas Night (poem), Mabel Jones Gabbott 393 Statistics Interpreted, Wallace G. Bennett 81, 107, 171 Stoddard, Lynn F., A Lamp to be Lighted 402 Styler, J. Lynn, In the Land Where Paul Taught Centerspread, November Sum Total, The, John H. Vandenberg C-4 Sunday School Departmental Meetings (See Conference, Sunday School Departmental Meetings) 35 Sunday School Records and the Teacher, David Lawrence McKay 26 Sunset at Armageddon, Lorin F. Wheelwright Centerspread, January "Sunshine Came Along With Thee," Reed H. Bradford 311 Superintendent and the Junior Sunday School, David Lawrence McKay 196 Superintendent's page -26, 82, 118, 196, 236, 278, 320, 360, 404, 444, 489 Swapp, Addie L., Who Will Love Me? 120 Sweet Fascination, A, Ivan J. Barrett 426 Talk in Teaching, Asahel D. Woodruff 48 Talking Together, Elliott D. Landau 110 Tanner, Paul B., The Budget Fund and Its Collection 277 Taylor, Harvey L., Teacher Evaluations 43 Teacher, The, David O. McKay 297 Teacher, The (poem), Goldie Despain 508 Teacher Development Lesson What About Classroom Discipline?, Paul M. Hollingsworth 22 Children Are a Challenge!, Victor B. Cline 74 Who Will Love Me?, Addie L. Swapp 120 The Public Library: World of Wealth, Arthur M. Richardson 160 ". . . Even by Study," D. Chris Poulos 204 Enlarge Your Illustrations, Naola V. Watson 280 The "Golden Rule" in Teaching, Peter J. Dyson 313 A Matter of Discipline, Alexander J. Gardner 362 The Parable-A Teaching Device, Wendell T. Jackson _ _ 446 Teacher Evaluations, Harvey L. Taylor 43 Teachers: Three Chart Books for You! 229 Teaching Insights, See Bennion, Lowell Teaching Techniques, A. LeRoy Urry 40 Thanksgiving (poem), Ralph Waldo Emerson 146 "That Ye May Be Prepared," R. Wayne Pace 246 That We May Always Remember Him, Marie F. Felt 441 Thatched Houses, Wendell J. Ashton Outside back cover, June ". . . Things of the Jews, The," Dale C. LeCheminant 308 This Is the Church That Faith Built, Virginia Baker 258 Thomson, Hazel M., Easter Morn (poem) 122 Time Budget, The, Sterling W. Sill 215 Tingey, Dale T., An Understanding Heart 24 To Accomplish One Goal, Royden G. Derrick 236 To Be Successful: Build Quality and Sell Your Product, Royden G. Derrick 489 To Grow in Wisdom and Stature, David Lawrence McKay _ _ 383 To Strengthen Their Faith in Christ, Hyrum L. Andrus 416 To Us— the Most Wonderful Mother Ever!, Marie F. Felt 115 Toronto, Wallace F., "Sometimes They Call Us Mormons" - .288 Trailblazers in Mexico, Nelle S. Hatch 190 Travels Between Nephi and Zarahemla, Marion D. Hanks 372 Tribute to: Richard E. Folland, A, David Lawrence McKay. -256 DECEMBER 1967 501 Tribute to Teachers, A, Author unknown _ 43 True Test of Our Influence, The, Dale H. West 180 Two and a Half Hours to Live, Max L. Waters 340 "Two Members Died Courageously for Truth," Easter program __ _ __ 16 Tyndall, Otella, A Child Prayed 206 U Udall, Jesse A., The Balance of Church and State 182 Understanding Heart, An, Dale T. Tingey 24 Universe, Our Organized, Frank B. Salisbury 224 "Upon Their Shoulders," Richard O. Cowan 95 Urry, A. Le Roy, Teaching Techniques 40 Vandenberg, John H, The Sum Total C-4 Ventura, Betty, Why Not Do It For Love? 331 W Wallace, J. Clifford, By What Authority Do You Speak? 68 Wangsgaard, Eva Willes, Without Glory (poem) 187 Waters, Max L., Two and a Half Hours to Live 340 Watson, Naola V., Enlarge Your Illustrations 280 Wave of Hope, Wendell J. Ash ton _ Outside back cover, February We Remember Jesus, Easter program for Senior Sunday School 16 West, Dale H., The True Test of Our Influence 180 West, Wilburn, A Fertile Field for the Restoration 394 What About Classroom Discipline?, Paul M. Hollingsworth _ _ 22 What Face Will You Wear? (poem), Anna M. Gasser 243 What Is a Latter-day Saint?, H. George Bickerstaff, compiler .284 "What Is a Man Profited, if He Shall Gain the Whole World, and Lose His Own Soul?", David O. McKay 1 What Is Eating on Him (or Her)?, Reed H. Bradford 438 What Is Self-control?, Gebriel M. Della-Piana 434 "Whatsoever You Seal on Earth . . . ," Heber G. Jensen 326 Wheelwright, Lorin F. Sunset at Armageddon Centerspread, January The River Jordan Centerspread, February New General Superintendency 64 The Holy City Centerspread, August The Tabernacle Centerspread, September "O Love That Glorifies Thy Son" (hymn) 319 "Lullaby" (hymn) 437 Where Jesus Taught Centerspread, December Oh, May My Soul Commune With Thee C-10 When Action Is Missing, Eileen R. Dunyon 238 Where Jesus Taught, Lorin F. Wheelwright Centerspread, December Whitman, Charles W., Hill Cumorah Pageant Centerspread, May Whitney, Orson F., The Lost Knife 314 Who Will Love Me?, Addie L. Swapp . .'. 120 Why and Why Not? Why are present-day stories and incidents included in les- sons for Junior Sunday School? 33 Why are playthings recommended for use in the Nursery courses? 81 Who greets children at the door of the Junior Sunday School chapel? 127 Why should the chorister, organist, superintendent, and coordinator plan together? 156 Should all Junior Sunday School officers and teachers attend prayer meeting? 195 Is a prayer given at the beginning of the class period? _ 239 Why Baptism for the Dead?, Theodore M. Burton 114 Why Me?, Wendell J. Ashton Outside back cover, April Why Not Do It For Love?, Betty Ventura 331 Wind Chimes in the Breeze, Melba Glade 144 With Real Intent, Reed H. Bradford 397 Without Glory (poem), Eva Willes Wangsgaard 187 Witnesses to the Lord's Resurrection, Robert J. Matthews Inside back cover, April Woodruff, Asahel D., Talk in Teaching 48 Woodruff, Wilford, What Is a Latter-day Saint?, compiled by H. George Bickerstaff 284 Woodward, Ralph, "With All the Power of Heart and Tongue" 282 "Jesus, Savior, Pilot Me" 324 "Sing Praise to Him" 364 "While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks by Night" 406 "All Creatures of Our God and King" 450 Wordsworth, William, My Heart Leaps Up (poem) 145 Worship is Not Accidental C-l "Ye Have Not Chosen Me . . . ," Spencer W. Kimball 302 You (poem), Edgar A. Guest 377 Your Attitudes Are Showing, Max J. Berryessa 20 ILLUSTRATIONS Adams, Asenath 143 Airplane and people : 478 Alami, Musa Bey 267-8 Allen's Camp, Arizona 224 Ancient Writings on Stone 416 Animals cutouts 304 hippopotamus in river Outside back cover, September Announcer, radio/television 104 Arabs, at dairy project 267, 268, 269 Aztec design 131 B Ballard, Melvin J. 202 Band-o-graph 281 Baptising a girl 18 a man 457 Baruch, Bernard M. Dutside back cover, March Bennion, Lowell L. C-14 Bethlehem 386 Bickmore, Lee S. Outside back cover, July Bigler, L. Burt, with Musa Bey Alami 267 Bird's Nest, Cover, June feeding baby birds in nest 455 Birthday party 368 Book of Mormon with Bible Cover, May open 262 Booth, Joseph 473 Bowring, Henry __ 143 Boy with counselor 24 mug shot 70 at school desk 71 with other children 71 with family 71 with parents 72 praying 72 praying at graveside 206 dreaming of space exploration 242 Scout with pack on back 335 Boys Two, with male teacher 23 cowboy and Indian, with mother 74 two with tennis racquets, bored 238 Brooklyn, the Good Ship 125 Bruce, Robert Outside back cover, August Building chapel at Ebnat, Switzerland 258, 259, 261 Burns, Dr. Norman with Musa Bey Alami 268 502 THE I N STR U CTOR Cannon, Hugh J., 472 Centerspreads Sunset at Armageddon January The River Jordan February The Beatitudes March King Benjamin April Hill Cumorah Pageant May The Miracle of the Gulls June Goliath Addresses David July The Holy City (Jerusalem) August Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir .September Christmas Lighting on Temple Square October Saulus Outside Damascus November Where Jesus Taught December Chalkboard demonstration 49 Chapel crowded 42 Chapels Ebnat, Switzerland 258, 259, 260 Chart Books .229 Cheese press 192 Child in prayer 477 Children undisciplined in class 22 and teacher acting out story of forgiveness 39 at school desk 71 with wind chimes 144 two with bird's nest Cover, June boy brushing baby sister's hair 232 looking at star 391 holding Scriptures C-9 Christmas Christmas Lighting on Temple Square Centerspread, October Family with packages, ready for Christmas 429 Family taking gifts, tree to aged 431 Christus, The sculpture by Thorvaldsen 97 sculpture by Thorvaldsen Cover, October Covers Reverence (Child) Conf. Issue Heavenly Father Planned Families January The Rescue February The Mystery of a Buttercup March Charles Dickens and "The Mormon Emigrant Ship _ -April The Testimony of Two Witnesses May Bird's Nest June In God's Great Cathedral July The New Zealand Temple August David O. McKay .September A Savior Which Is Christ the Lord October Sunday School in Fiji November Children Love the Nativity Story December Cowboys young boys on horses .322-323 Cowdery, Oliver receiving Aaronic Priesthood, statue 432 Crowd 401 D Dairy Arabs ... 267, 268, 269 Dams Joseph City, Arizona 225 Derrick, Royden G. 65, 177 Displays at Sunday School conference departmental sessions . 50 Display, books, Course 13 44 Durrant, Ella 150, 151 Evans, Richard L. C-8 Eyeglasses 168 Family Front Cover, January reading together 71 talking 72 talking .. HO group with father 184 reading 253 Richard Folland family group 257 on steps of New Zealand Temple 327 cutting birthday cake 368 Farnsworth family 396 Walter S. Mains family . 413 leaving church C-13 in attitude of prayer, gratitude 421 with packages for Christmas 429 taking gifts, tree to aged 431 Farnsworth, F. Dennis family group picture 396 Father breaking trail for son 244 with hand on son's shoulder 250 Flannelboard cutouts Jesus, the Great Physician January A Father Forgives February To Us— the Most Wonderful Mother Ever! March Peter Denies the Christ April Joseph Forgives His Brothers June Samuel Was a Special Baby July Jesus Showed Us What to Do August The Pioneers Were Grateful September Jesus Christ, Birth October That We May Always Remember Him November Sabbath Day Is a Holy Day December Folland, Richard E. 256 Folland, Richard E., family 257 G Girl being baptized 18 talking to bishop 18 using flannelboard 31 and teacher in doorway 77 Group of girls talking 464 Group of people at Church 470 H Hanks, Marion D. in Asia 345 Hill, George R. C-6, 64 Hinckley, Gordon B. in Asia 345 portrait C-12 History, Religious Unrest 394 Home of Mary Fielding Smith 30 Joseph Smith (Nauvoo) 87 Brigham Young (Nauvoo) 87 Wilford Woodruff (Nauvoo) 87 Heber C. Kimball (Nauvoo) 87 Hourglass 215 I Indian Aztec design 131 in front of pueblo 198 Inside Back Cover charts Gospel Restoration January "Upon Their Shoulders" February Aztec History and Book of Mormon March Witnesses to the Lord's Resurrection April Miracles of Jesus May The Hand of the Lord (auxiliaries) June The Nephite Wars July Family "Mood Meter" August DECEMBER 1 967 503 "In the Unity of Faith" September The Atonement October Make-up of the Book of Mormon November How Do I Rate as A Teacher? December Instructor readership charts .56, 57 Jerusalem, City of showing city wall and Dome of the Rock Centerspread, August Jesus Christ In His Steps 10 as a child with parents 13 resurrected, with the Twelve 15 resurrected, with Mary in garden 17 ordaining apostle 35, 314 head and shoulders _ , 172, 173 with Simon Peter 340 Jesus Christ, Birth Flannelboard, October with disciples, last 442 Jesus Teaching Outside back cover, December Jews Two with scroll 308 John the Baptist, Giving Aaronic Priesthood (statue) 432 Jordan, The River Centerspread, February Joseph City, Arizona 225 K Kimball, Heber C. Nauvoo home 87 Kimball, Spencer W. 138 Missionaries to Lamanites 95 teaching family 332 getting off plane 414 Montague, Keith E. demonstrating chalk talk 49 Moses proclaiming liberty 61 Mother with flowers 89 Music leaders practice 59 N Nativity 384 Children's Version 390 on Temple Square Centerspread, October Nauvoo homes 87 O Ogden Cornet Choir 57 Parmley, Thomas J., with Don L. Lind 351 Passover, Feast of the teens participating 352, 353 Paul Outside Damascus Centerspread, November Pericles Outside Back Cover, January Peter 173 Pioneers ship, wagon, horse, dancing 148 Prayer 164 Prisoner talking with chaplain 452 Lambs 495 Liberty Bell 377 Librarians at Sunday School conference department session _ _ 54 Library, public 160, 161 Lind, Don L. with Thomas J. Parmley 351 Q Queen Esther Back Cover, October R Mc McKay, David Lawrence 65 McKay, David O 1, 133, 193, 194, 213, 297, 337, 461, 472, C-3, May Cutouts, September Cover M Mains, Walter S. Family 413 Man thinking (mug shot) speaking 68 studying '. 204 speaking in Church 246 burning beanstocks .Outside back cover, June watching spider Outside back cover, August in thought 438 sitting down 466 Man's Search for Happiness, panorama 9 Mansion House, The 87 Map Mexico 190 Margetts, Phil 142, 143 Mary, mother of Jesus 264 Men group of three _ _ _ _ 404 Mill pioneer grist mill „ _ _ 175 Miracle of the Gulls, The L. Goff Dowding Centerspread, June Records Course Attendance Work Sheet 26 Reformation religious art 366 Richards, Lynn S. . _ 65 River Jordan, the Centerspread, February Rozsa, Allen C. in cockpit of plane in Asia 347 Rubber band pantograph 281 Russian War Memorial Outside back cover, February Sacrament passing the sacrament 482 partaking of sacrament 484 Saulus Outside Damascus (painting by H. Siegumfeldt) Centerspread, November Scientist . 180, 226, 227 Serviceman in Asia 345 Ship Brooklyn 125 Sill, Sterling W., Portrait 424 Smith, Joseph Fielding 219 Smith, Joseph, Nauvoo home 87 Smith, Joseph, Statue on Temple Square Centerspread, October talking with his family 426 receiving Aaronic Priesthood (statue) 432 Smith, Mary Fielding, home 30 Snow, Lorenzo 220 504 THE I NSTRUCTOR Snow, Lucile (Tracy) ■. 222 Snow, Minnie Jensen 222 Son following in father's footsteps 244 Stage and performers 112 Stewardess Outside back cover, May Story display, Course 1 36 Strawberry Ranch 190 Sunday School Classroom group 490 Sunday School Conference 380, 381 Superintendency, New General 65 Tabernacle choir and organ Centerspread, September Teacher and three-year-olds 120 Teacher in a classroom C-15 Teens at Feast of the Passover 352, 353 group smiling 402 Temples New Zealand .Cover, August, 327 Temple Square Christmas Lighting _ Centerspread, October Thankfulness children's drawings 286, 287 Thatched Houses Outside back cover, June Tribute Money, The Peter Paul Rubens 291 Three-year-olds and teacher 120, 121 Trees on a Windy Night 480 U Universe planets and stars .272 V Vandenberg, John H. C-4 Visual aids band-o-graph 281 W Welfare Program helps in a disaster area 102 Wheelwright, Lorin F. C-10 Whose Church? 52 Wind chimes 144 Wise Men 387 Woman studying 204 Woodruff, Wilford Nauvoo home 87 World globe Cover, May Worship Service C-7, C-ll Young, Brigham, Nauvoo home 87 Apostasy The Dark Ages of Error 366 ". . . In the Unity of Faith" 374 "In the Unity of Faith" Inside back cover, September Arabs A Dream Come True 266 The Holy City Centerspread, August Atonement, The 420 Attitude Your Attitudes Are Showing 20 Authority ' " By What Authority Do You Speak? 68 Auxiliary Organizations The Hand of the Lord inside back cover, June B Baptism Baptism, An Eternal Principle 18 The River Jordan -Centerspread, February Why Baptism for the Dead? 114 My Most Memorable Moment 456 Benjamin, King Centerspread, April Betrothal ". . . Mary Was Espoused to Joseph ..." 264 Book of Mormon, The Aztec History and the Book of Mormon 132 Key to Conversion 262 Travels Between Nephi and Zarahemla 372 Magnificent Messages 460 Make-Up of the Book of Mormon Inside back cover, November Buildings This Is the Church That Faith Built 258 California Saints The Saints From the Good Ship Brooklyn 124 Charity "If Ye Have Love" 106 Chastity The Certain Sound of the Trumpet 138 Children's Poetry Wind Chimes in the Breeze 144 Christmas ". . . The Things of the Jews" 308 "A Savior Which Is Christ the Lord" (Family Worship Service) 384 The Miracle of Christmas 429 Church and State, The Balance of 182 Clawson, Rudger Lorenzo Snow, Mighty Man of God 221' Communication Talking Together 110 Conversion The Book of Mormon, Key to Conversion 262 Confirming our Hope 412 Counseling A Convict Talks About Confiding 452 Courage A Monument to Courage 30 Easter program 16 For the Cause of Courage „ 242 Jewish Customs 308 SUBJECT INDEX A Abraham Why Me? Outside back cover, April Allen's Camp Pure Perseverance 224 Animals Little Lambs 495 D Discipline What About Classroom Discipline? 22 Drama A Cathedral in the Desert 142 Faith Easter program 16 DECEMBER 1967 505 Jesus, the Great Physician 31 John's Faith and God's Power '_ w _ 94 Why Me? Outside back cover, April Pray for Faith: Receive a Problem 176 A Cry Unto the Lord 458 Barriers to Faith 478 Family Life "Mission" Accomplished 250 A Family Affair 396 Reed H. Bradford Articles 4, 77, 112, 166, 188, 230 270, 311, 354, 397,' 438, 480 Fathers "For They Shall See" 184 Fellowship Fellowship with Us 470 Finances "Mission" Accomplished 250 Fletcher, Dr. Harvey The Tabernacle Centerspread, September Forgiveness Joseph Forgives His Brothers 233 Fowler, William A Good Name 316 Free Agency Power Beyond Understanding 468 Freedom The Cause of Human Liberty 61 "Sometimes They Call Us Mormons" 288 Choose Wisely Whom Ye Will Serve 290 Gold Rush in California The Saints From the Good Ship Brooklyn 124 Grant, Heber J., And Should We Die 17 An Apostle of the Lord 315 Grant, Jedediah M 19 Gratitude 421 H Happiness Man's Search for Happiness 8 Healing Jesus, the Great Physician 31 John's Faith and God's Power 94 Lorenzo Snow, Mighty Man of God 220 Honor Manhood, Honor, Integrity 253 Human Relations At the Summit Outside back cover, October I Indians "Upon Their Shoulders" 95 "Go Forth Among the Lamanites, Thy Brethren" 198 Integrity Manhood, Honor, Integrity 253 Jacob A Man Called Jacob 424 Jensen, Ella Lorenzo Snow, Mighty Man of God 221 Jesus Christ In His Steps 10 Christ, the One Perfect Guide 97 The Miracles of Jesus 211 Christmas Came First In Palestine 399 The Atonement 420 At Christmastide 461 Where Jesus Taught Centerspread, December Joseph City, Arizona Pure Perseverance 224 Judgment On the Day of Judgment .218 K Kimball, Heber C, An Apostle of the Lord 315 Kindness I Thought I Would be Kind Today 232 When I'm Kind and True 232 Thatched Houses Outside back cover, June Lamanites "Upon Their Shoulders" 95 Lambs 495 Law of Moses To Strengthen Their Faith in Christ 416 Leadership The Heart and a Willing Mind 414 Liberty The Cause of Human Liberty '. 61 Responsibility and Mission of the Youth of the Church 377 Libraries The Public Library: World of Wealth 160 Lind, Don L., Patience, Prayer, and a Space Ship 350 Love The Incredible Law of Love 474 Mc McKay, David Lawrence New General Superintendency 64 McKay, David O. Reverence Begins at Home 193 That 94th candle burns like a beacon in honor of Presi- dent David 0. McKay 337 A Remarkable Meeting, Chad L. Hoopes 472 M Manhood, Manhood, Honor, Integrity 253 Margetts, Phil A Cathedral in the Desert 142 Marriage Customs ". . . Mary Was Espoused to Joseph ..." 264 Mexico Martyrs (Easter program) 16 Trailblazers in Mexico 190 MIA The Hand of the Lord inside back cover, June Miracles The Miracles of Jesus 211 Missionaries BBC Explains Mormonism to Britishers 104 "Mission" Accomplished 250 In the Land Where Paul Taught -Centerspread, November Barriers to Faith 478 Mothers To Us— the Most Wonderful Mother Ever! . 115 Every Day a Mother's Day 88 N Nauvoo A City in the Bend of the River 86 Nephi Travels Between Nephi and Zarahemla 372 506 THE INSTRUCTOR Obedience Obedience Paul 108 Saulus Outside Damascus Centerspread, November Pioneers And Should We Die (Heber J. Grant) 17 An Experience of Jedediah M. Grant 19 A Monument to Courage 30 "Handcart Pioneers" Through the Ages 90 The Rescue 91 The Saints from the Good Ship Brooklyn 124 "Gather Ye Together . . . Upon the Land of Zion" 148 Here to Stay! 150 The Pioneer Grist Mill 175 Trailblazers in Mexico 190 Pure Perseverance 224 Positive Thinking Your Attitudes Are Showing 20 Prayer A Monument to Courage 30 John's Repentance 70 Prayer, Key to Our Habits 164 Pray for Faith: Receive a Problem 176 A Child Prayed 206 Patience, Prayer, and a Space Ship 350 A Remarkable Meeting 472 Prayer Is to Close Your Eyes and Think 476 Preparation I Can Sleep When the Wind Blows 480 Priesthood By What Authority Do You Speak? 68 Responsibility of the Priesthood 173 A Season of Preparation 432 Primary Organization The Hand of the Lord Inside back cover, June Prophets and Prophecy Song of Nephi 409 R Relief Society The Hand of the Lord Jnside back cover, June Religions, United States A Fertile Field for the Restoration 394 Repentance An Understanding Heart 24 Now Is the Time 4 John's Repentance 70 Restoration The Gospel Restoration (chart), Inside back cover, January A Fertile Field for the Restoration 394 Resurrection Easter program 14, 16 A Friend Redeems Our Home 202 Reverence (See all articles, 1967 Conference Issue) Russian War Memorial Wave of Hope Outside back cover, February Sabbath Day The Sabbath Day Is a Holy Day 485 Sacrament That We May Always Remember Him 441 The Sacrament: Communion of Believers 482 Salt Lake Theatre A Cathedral in the Desert 142 Salvation Plan Man's Search for Happiness 8 Seagulls The Miracle of the Gulls Centerspread, June Self-control What is Self-control? 434 Service Looking Out Back cover, November Smith, Joseph A Sweet Fascination - -426 Smith, Joseph Fielding What Is a Latter-day Saint? 285 Snow, Lorenzo Mighty Man of God 220 Pathway of God and Man ^ 315 Space Exploration Patience, Prayer, and a Space Ship 350 Spiritual Life With Real Intent 397 Sunday School The Hand of the Lord Jnside back cover, June To Grow in Wisdom and Stature 383 Talks in Church "That Ye May Be Prepared" 246 Teacher Development (See Article Index) Teachers and Teaching The Teacher 297 The Feast of the Passover 352 A Lamp to be Lighted 402 How Do I Rate As a Teacher? Inside back cover, December Lessons That Lived Outside back cover, December Teaching Insights (See Bennion, Lowell) Temple Square Christmas Lighting on Temple Square Centerspread, October The Tabernacle Centerspread, September Temples "Whatsoever You Seal on Earth ..." 326 Temptation "... A Famine in the Land" 466 Thanksgiving The Pioneers Were Grateful 357 Tithing A Monument to Courage 30 U Understanding An Understanding Heart 24 United Order Pure Perseverance 224 Visual Aids Can You See It? .. . 255 Enlarge Your Illustrations 280 W "We Thank Thee, O God, For a Prophet" origin of hymn 316 Welfare Program The Church Is Also Organized Concern 103 Youth Responsibility and Mission of the Youth of the Church 377 Gospel Standards and Popularity 464 DECEMBER 1967 507 The Teacher The teacher looked ahead with misgivings but with hope. Would the way be smooth or rough? Would it end in success or failure?" The teacher stood and looked and wondered. And a voice said, answering: "There will be no end." And the teacher smiled and said: "I know it will end. I may teach one year, two years, Or possibly many more years But this I know: Someday it will end." And the teacher went forward to teach. Those who gathered around the teacher had need to learn. And the teacher looked into their eyes and desired to fill their needs And taught them with mind and heart and voice — A mind filled with knowledge from continued study, A voice speaking this knowledge in wisdom, And a heart filling the mind and voice with Conviction and power. The teacher learned from mistakes made And received happiness from lessons taught with inspiration. Then life changed, and the teacher could not teach. "It has ended," said the teacher, continuing on the road Of life. "This is really the end of my teaching." And the teacher believed this until a person of good position Stood and said: "I am here because this teacher Taught me thus." And the teacher was happy and said, "It was not the end back there — This is the end. And it could not have ended better. I am glad I taught in love and faith and prayer." Time passed; and the teacher grew old and slept and awakened and Stood before the Maker. And the teacher looked and was surprised, for there Stood also those who had been taught. And He before whom they stood questioned them and then Sent them to a high place. And the teacher said, "It was not the end back there — This is the end. And it is a more glorious end than I ever could have hoped for." And joy filled the teacher's heart, as a great celestial light. And the teacher looked ahead of those who had been taught And saw the continued steps of progress and work before each one And then said: "This is not the end — there is no end. I have just realized, there is no end to my teachings!" And a voice spoke: "When first you were called to teach, I tried to warn you Of your great responsibility. But you can be thankful you taught well, In humility, in faith, in testimony — For there is no end to your teachings." —Goldie B. Despain. Library File Reference : TEACHERS AND TEACHING. 508 THE INSTRUCTOR HOW DO I RATE AS A TEACHER? How well do we learn to teach one another the doctrine of the king- dom? It is an important factor in our happiness and spiritual growth. If we do a good job in a teaching assignment, it will have an eternal impact for good — like the stone tossed into the mill pond which causes waves to reach out in every direction. Here is an easy way to rate ourselves. Let's consider our method of teaching this week and answer the questions below. When we add up the total "yes" answers and multiply by four, we get our percentage score. (If questions 21, 22, and 24 do not apply to you this week, delete them and add 12 points to your score.) — Compiled by Paul Harmon. PREPARATION 1 . Did I read the lesson at least one week in advance to allow myself time to pon- der the subject? 2. Did I consult The Instructor to make certain I am on the right lesson? 3. Did I search The Instructor for planned lesson enrichment? 4. Did I ask our teaching aids specialist for the help she is prepared to give? 5. Did I read other outside materials, that is, "go the extra mile," in search of colorful, enriching information? 6. Did I digest the lesson material well enough to prepare a few pertinent ques- tions for the discussion? PRESENTATION 7. Did I answer the questions, "Why is this subject important for us today?" 8. Did I organize the lesson with a logical sequence of steps or events, with cer- tain conclusions at the end that would help build the testimony of students? 9. Did I use diagrams, maps, or visual aids for interest? 1 0. Did I involve the students in the lesson by role-playing, short talks, questions, etc. DISCIPLINE 11. Did I make it clear to the students that the ward house is the House of the Lord and should be respected as such? 1 2. Do they understand they may contribute to the lesson, but only after raising a hand and getting permission to do so? 13. Did I get to my classroom on time and not loiter in the halls on my way-did I set them a good example? 1 4. Would I have been proud of the behavior of my students if a stake officer had visited the class? Yes No □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ D □ D □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ ATTENDANCE 15. Have I learned the names of all my stu- dents? Did I use their names in class? 16. Did I make the students feel needed in the classroom by honoring their opinions and feelings and showing a personal in- terest in each of them? 17. Have I given the appropriate Sunday School Administrator the names of the inactive students so that he can co- ordinate the enlistment activities of other church officers in our ward to help activate these students? LEADERSHIP 18. Did I set a good example by attending sacrament meeting and other meetings? 1 9. Did I speak to my students at priesthood and sacrament meetings, calling them by name and referring to their interests? Am I known as an "interested teacher"? 20. Am I a good citizen and neighbor? Do I pay my bills on time, avoid gossip, keep my physical body trim and healthy, obey the law, keep my home and yard clean, and return borrowed property promptly? 21. Did I keep my word about class assign- ments; for instance, see to it that stu- dents assigned 2 1 / 2 - r " i nute talks were prepared? 22. Did I have the students who were as- signed 2% minute talks present them in class before they were presented in the Sunday School worship service? ON GETTING "IN TUNE" 23. Did I attend prayer meeting, and on time? 24. If given the assignment of a spiritual thought in prayer meeting, did I prepare it well? 25. Did I ask my Heavenly Father to help me in this sacred work? Yes No □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ D □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ Scores: 90%-100% (See Doctrine and Covenants 58:2.) 75%-89% (See Doctrine and Covenants 88:77-80.) Below 75% (See Alma 34:33.) Paul L Harmon, his wife (Margaret Jones), and their four children live in Monument Park Eighth Ward, Monument Park (Utah) stake, where Paul teaches the Seventies Quorum. He has also been stake superintendent of MIA, superintendent of the Sunday School, Gospel Doctrine teacher, and a missionary in Brazil. He attended Brigham Young University (B. A., 1944; M. A., 1948), Harvard Graduate School of Business, and University of California at Los Angeles (Ph. D., 1962). Dr. Harmon is Professor of Management at the University of Utah and has taught summers at UCLA. Second Class Postage Paid at Salt Lake City, Utah There came across my desk not long ago these figures on remem- bering, presented by Robert A. Whitney, president of the Man- agement and Marketing Institute: Individuals remember only — 10% of what they read 20% of what they hear 30% of what they see 50% of what they see and hear 90% of what they discuss and participate in. Most of us probably have seen similar information. But these es- timates, presented to a large, na- tion-wide marketing society, 1 re- present the new emphasis on involvement in leadership and teaching. Not many days ago I began reading again into the life of Jesus. This time I read with an eye on the methods He used in leading and teaching people. I came away from the New Testament with a new admiration of His divine mas- tery in involving people in His teaching. Take the lesson He gave on His last day of teaching in public: Two opposing groups joined forces in an attempt to "entangle (For Course 13, lessons of December 17 and January 14, "At Jacob's Well" and "The Sermon on the Mount"; for Course 27, lesson of January 21, "Faith in Jesus Christ"; and for all teachers.) Savings Institutions Marketing Society of America. LESSONS THAT LIVED THE MASTER TEACHER: HE INVOLVED PEOPLE IN HIS TEACHING. him in his talk." 2 On the one hand were the Pharisees, the Jewish traditionalists. Then there were the Herodians, a political faction supporting the Herod family in power. This meant the Herodians upheld Rome, which delegated to the Herods their authority. These combined factions ap- pointed spokesmen from among their numbers who had not yet openly opposed Jesus. With hon- eyed words, they addressed Him: "Master, we know thou art true . . ." 3 They were role playing. Then they set before Him their snare: "Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?" 4 If Jesus answered, "Yes," the scheming Pharisees could have in- cited the Jews against Him as a disloyal son of Abraham. The Jews abhorred paying the poll tax to Rome. If He replied, "No," the Herodians could accuse Him of stirring sedition against Roman authority. Perceiving their guile, Jesus said: "Why tempt ye me, ye hypo- crites?" 5 By this time the interest of the onlookers must have reached a high point. Jesus asked for the tribute money. Then with the coin He turned to a question-answer situa- tion: "Whose is this image and superscription?" 6 He asked. "Caesar's," they replied. One of His greatest lessons fol- lowed in this line: 7> . . . Render therefore unto Cae- sar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's. 7 They marvelled and went their way. Jesus involved those whom He taught. His earthly life is full of master- pieces in teaching methods. *© When the woman taken in sin was brought before Him, He ^3 stooped, wrote on the ground, and '** said: "He that is without sin" 5 among you, let him first cast stone at her." 8 His dialogue with the lawyer who asked what he should do to inherit eternal life led to His tell- ing of the parable of the Good Samaritan. 9 With a Samaritan woman at Jacob's well He unfolded an un- forgettable lesson on "living wa- ter." 10 In the Sermon on the Mount Jesus used the surrounding land- scape for His visuals. He spoke of the lilies of the field, and of a tree that brought forth good fruit. He also invited the multitude to be- hold the fowls of the air. These are but a few of many illustrations. Each of us is a teacher. If we would teach better through involv- ing people, let us go back to the New Testament. We shall find it brimming with the best examples of making lessons live by leading listeners to participate in them. — Wendell J. Ashton. ^Matthew 22:15. 3 Matthew 22:16. ^Matthew 22:17. 3 Matthew 22:18. "Matthew 22:20. ^Matthew 22:21. ojohn 8:7. »Luke 10:25-37. M John 4:4-30. Library File Reference: TEACHERS AND TEACHING.